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 Lesson 30 - FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

(English version)

 

 

 

 

 

Describes an action that will be happening.

 

 

 

TRAINING:

 

WILL + TO BE + MAIN VERB "ING"

 

 

 

Ex: He will be playing at the concert tonight.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NEXT LESSON WILL BE ON PREPOSITIONS

 

 

 

 

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 THOUGHT OF THE WEEK 12:

"Never despair, even in the darkest sorrows of his life, as the clouds clear water drops over black and fruitful."

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pauloviana2012

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 WARNING

English

The lessons were available in 4 languages: Portuguese, English, Spanisn and French, in that order. Good studies.

pauloviana2012

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 LIÇÃO 31 – PREPOSIÇÕES

(Versão em Português)

 

PREPOSIÇÕES IN, ON, AT, FOR E BY

·        IN (= em)

 

1.     Indicando lugar: estado, cidade ou país

Ex.: She lives in Miame.

 

2.     Indicando dentro de

Ex.: He is in the office now.

        His hand is in the pocket.

 

3.     Indicando periodo de tempo

Ex.: In       the morning

                   The afternoon               (periodo do dia)

                   The evening

 

         Exceção.: at night

                   In      January

                            December                      (meses do ano)

 

                   In      1800

                            2013                              (anos)

 

                   In      the summer

                            The winter

                            The fall (autumn)          (estações do ano)

                            The spring

 

4.     Indicando duração de tempo

Ex.: He will do his work in three days.

 

5.     Antes de idiomas

Ex.: They are speaking in English.

 

·        ON (=em)

 

1.     Sobre, em contato com alguma coisa

Ex.: The book is on the table.

 

2.     Antes de dias da semana

ON   Monday

         Thursday

         Sunday

 

ATENÇÃO:

Se houver outros elementos como mês, período do dia, junto com a especificação do dia da semana, prevalece o uso da preposição ON.

 

3.     Indicando local ou residência em uma rua se o número não for mencionado.

Ex.: I live on Barata Ribeiro Street.

 

·        AT (= em)

1.     Indicando local ou residência em uma rua quando o número é mencionado.

Ex.: I live at 570 Barata Ribeiro Street.

 

2.     Indicando hora.

Ex.: We arrived at 10:00 o´clock.

 

3.     Indicando direção.

Ex.: Look at those trees over there!

 

4.     Indicando lugar.

Ex.: My father is at home.

 

5.     Indicando momento.

Ex.: at noon

        at this moment

       at Christmas (=Natal)

        at Easter (= Páscoa)

 

Porém, on Christmas Day

             on Easter Sunday          (referem-se ao dia)                 

 

·        FOR (= durante, para)

 

1.     Duração de tempo.

Ex.: She played the piano for three hours.

 

2.     Em troca de…

Ex.: I rented my apartment for little money.

 

3.     Para…

Ex.: Shall I open the window for you?

        I did the work for her.

 

 

·        BY

 

1.     Meios de transporte.

Ex.: I came here by car.

 

2.     No sentido de sozinho

Ex.: He lives by himself in São Paulo.

 

3.     Em expresses de tempo, indicando até (por volta de)

Ex.: They will finish their job by 7:00 o´clock.

 

PREPOSIÇÕES DE LUGAR

 

1.     Above = acima

Ex.: The ceiling is above our heads.

 

2.     Below = em baixo

Ex.: There is a candy shop below their apartment.

 

3.     Over = em cima, durante um período, mais que

Ex.: There is a light over the table.

        He proved to be a friend over the year.

        It cost over 1,000 dollars.

 

4.     Under = em baixo, menos que, sob a supervisão de

Ex.: The dog is under the table.

        These children are under seven.

        John works under Bob Thompson.

 

5.     Inside = dentro

Ex.: The pen is inside the armchair.

 

6.     Outside = fora

Ex.: The boss is outside the office

 

7.     Near = perto

Ex.: She lives near me.

 

8.     Across = do outro lado

Ex.: The bank is across the street.

 

9.     Against = contra

Ex.: They are against your ideas.

 

10.                        Behind = atrás

Ex.: The garage is behind the house.

 

11.                        Down = para baixo

Ex.: We saw her walking down Millvile Street in the afternoon.

 

12.                        Up = para cima

Ex.: He was walking up the street.

 

13.                        In back of = atrás

Ex.: The taxi is parked in back of the bus.

 

14.                        In front of = na frente

Ex.: The ball rolled in front of the bus.

 

15.                        Through = através

Ex.: The bird flew through the open window.

 

16.                        Among = entre pessoas ou “coisas”

Ex.: Paul is among us.

 

17.                        Between = entre 2 pessoas ou “coisas”

Ex.: The shop is between the bank and the post office.

 

PREPOSIÇÕES DE DIREÇÃO

 

1.     Into = para dentro

Ex.: I saw him going into the cinema a few minutes ago.

 

2.     Out of = para for a

Ex.: He took some money out of his pocket.

 

3.     Toward = em direção

Ex.: This road leads toward the beach.

 

4.     Opposite = oposto

Ex.: The post office is opposite the court house.

 

PREPOSIÇÕES DE TEMPO

 

1.     During = durante

Ex.: During the summer, I think I´ll go to Rio.

 

2.     After = depois

Ex.: Would you please call me after nine?

 

3.     Before = antes

Ex.: Take this medicine before lunch.

 

4.     Until = até

Ex.: We must wait until ten.

 

5.     Around = em volta

Ex.: I get to my office around ten every morning.

 

6.     About = em

Ex.: I think she will be away about a week.

 

 

PREPOSIÇÕES DE POSSE

        

1.     Of = de

Ex.: The legs of his table are broken.

 

2.     To = a

Ex.: This letter belongs to Mary.

 

PREPOSIÇÕES DE MODO

 

1.     With = com

Ex.: He will go to the club with his father.

 

2.     Like = como

Ex.: He is like his father.

 

 

OUTRAS PREPOSIÇÕES

 

1.     Despite = apesar de

Ex.: They are playing football despite the rain

 

2.     In order to = com objetivo de

Ex.: We will have to hurry in order to arrive on rain.

 

3.     Throughout = atividade incessante

Ex.: It rained throughout our week at the beach.

 

4.     Within = dentro de limites

Ex.: He said he would finish the report within the required time.

 

5.     Besides = além de

Ex.: Besides studying mathematics I study physics.

 

6.     But = exceto

Ex.: Nobody saw the accident but him

 

 

 

A PRÓXIMA LIÇÃO SERÁ SOBRE CONJUNÇÕES

 

 

 

 

 

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  LESSON 31 - PREPOSITIONS

(English version)

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS IN, ON, AT, FOR AND BY

•        IN

 

1.      Indicating place: state, city or country

Ex.: She lives in Miame.

 

2.      Indicating within

Ex.: He is in the office now.

        His hand is in the pocket.

 

3.      Indicating time period

Ex.: In        the morning

                   The afternoon               (time of day)

                   The evening

 

         Exception.: at night

                   In      January

                            December                      (months of the year)

 

                   In      1800

                            2013                              (years)

 

                   In      the summer

                            The winter

                            The fall (autumn)          (seasons)

                            The spring

 

4.      Indicating duration of time

Ex.: He will do his work in three days.

 

5.      Before Language

Ex.: They are speaking in English.

 

•        ON

 

1.      On, in contact with something

Ex.: The book is on the table.

 

2.      Before the days of the week

ON    Monday

         Thursday

         Sunday

 

WARNING:

If there are other elements such as month, period of the day, along with the specification of the day of the week, the prevailing use of the preposition ON.

3. * Indicating location or residence in a street if the number is not mentioned.

Ex.: I live on Barata Ribeiro Street.

 

•        AT

1.      Indicating location or residence in a street when the number is mentioned.

Ex.: I live at 570 Barata Ribeiro Street.

 

2.      Indicating hours.

Ex.: We arrived at 10:00 o´clock.

 

3.      Indicating direction.

Ex.: Look at those trees over there!

 

4.      Indicating place.

Ex.: My father is at home.

 

5.      Indicating time.

Ex.: at noon

        at this moment

        at Christmas (=Christmas)

        at Easter (=Easter)

 

But,      on Christmas Day

             on Easter Sunday               (refer to days)               

 

•        FOR

 

1.      Duration of time.

Ex.: She played the piano for three hours.

 

2.      In exchange for ...

Ex.: I rented my apartment for little money.

 

3.      To ...

Ex.: Shall I open the window for you?

        I did the work for her.

 

 

•        BY

 

1.      Means of transport.

Ex.: I came here by car.

 

2.      Alone

Ex.: He lives by himself in São Paulo.

 

3.      In expressions of time, indicating to (around)

Ex.: They will finish their job by 7:00 o´clock.

 

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

1.      Above

Ex.: The ceiling is above our heads.

 

2.      Below

Ex.: There is a candy shop below their apartment.

 

3.      Over

Ex.: There is a light over the table.

        He proved to be a friend over the year.

        It cost over 1,000 dollars.

 

4.      Under

Ex.: The dog is under the table.

        These children are under seven.

        John works under Bob Thompson.

 

5.      Inside

Ex.: The pen is inside the armchair.

 

6.      Outside

Ex.: The boss is outside the office

 

7.      Near

Ex.: She lives near me.

 

8.      Across

Ex.: The bank is across the street.

 

9.      Against

Ex.: They are against your ideas.

 

10.    Behind

Ex.: The garage is behind the house.

 

11.    Down

Ex.: We saw her walking down Millvile Street in the afternoon.

 

12.    Up

Ex.: He was walking up the street.

 

13.    In back of

Ex.: The taxi is parked in back of the bus.

 

14.    In front of

Ex.: The ball rolled in front of the bus.

 

15.    Through

Ex.: The bird flew through the open window.

 

16.    Among = entre pessoas ou “coisas”

Ex.: Paul is among us.

 

17.    Between

Ex.: The shop is between the bank and the post office.

 

PREPOSITIONS OF DIRECTIONS

 

1.      Into

Ex.: I saw him going into the cinema a few minutes ago.

 

2.      Out of

Ex.: He took some money out of his pocket.

 

3.      Toward

Ex.: This road leads toward the beach.

 

4.      Opposite

Ex.: The post office is opposite the court house.

 

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

 

1.      During

Ex.: During the summer, I think I´ll go to Rio.

 

2.      After

Ex.: Would you please call me after nine?

 

3.      Before

Ex.: Take this medicine before lunch.

 

4.      Until

Ex.: We must wait until ten.

 

5.      Around

Ex.: I get to my office around ten every morning.

 

6.      About

Ex.: I think she will be away about a week.

 

 

PREPOSITIONS OF POSSESSION

        

1.      Of

Ex.: The legs of his table are broken.

 

2.      To

Ex.: This letter belongs to Mary.

 

PREPOSITIONS OF MODE

 

1.      With

Ex.: He will go to the club with his father.

 

2.      Like

Ex.: He is like his father.

 

 

OTHERS PREPOSITIONS

 

1.      Despite

Ex.: They are playing football despite the rain

 

2.      In order to

Ex.: We will have to hurry in order to arrive on rain.

 

3.      Throughout

Ex.: It rained throughout our week at the beach.

 

4.      Within

Ex.: He said he would finish the report within the required time.

 

5.      Besides

Ex.: Besides studying mathematics I study physics.

 

6.      But

Ex.: Nobody saw the accident but him

 

 

 

THE NEXT LESSON WILL BE ON CONJUNÇÕES

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 THOUGHT OF THE WEEK 13:

"Best mute until you ask to speak than to speak until you keep silent."

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pauloviana2012

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pauloviana2012
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Busuu berries :
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 WARNING

English

The lessons were available in 4 languages: Portuguese, English, Spanisn and French, in that order. Good studies.

pauloviana2012

pauloviana2012 (50)

pauloviana2012
I speak:
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I learn:
English, Spanish, French
Busuu berries :
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 LIÇÃO 32 – CONJUNÇÕES

(Versão em Português)

 

Conjunção é a palavra responsável por unir duas orações.

Exemplos.:

Although, and, if, as though, because, besides, but, for, why, ever if, like, nevertheless, only, since, still, therefore, till, unless, until, while, yet…

 

Há 2 espécies: coordenativas e subordinativas.

1.     COODENATIVAS: ligam orações de igual natureza

1.1)         Aditivas = designam adição

Ex.: and

        John and Mary are friends.

 

        Both … and

        Both my sister and my brother are married.

 

        As well as

        You as well as I are to blame.

 

        Not only … but also

        She not only studies, but also plays the guitar.

 

1.2)         Alternativas = designam escolha

Ex.: or

        He must help me or I´ll not see him again.

 

        Neither … nor

        He is neither a prince nor a frog.

      

       Outras: either … or; otherwise; else; or; else

 

1.3)         Adversativas = designam contraste

Ex.: But

        She is poor, but happy.

 

        However

        That man, however, refused to go.

 

         Still

         We still work at the same place.

 

          Yet

          I´m tired, yet I,m glad I came.

      

          Outras: nevertheless, though, but then

 

1.4)         Conclusivas  = designam conclusão

Ex.: so

        There was no one there, so I went away.

 

         Therefore

          You won´t help me, therefore I must do it alone.

 

           Outras: thus, consequently, hence

 

1.5)         Explicativas = designam uma explicação

Ex.: as

        He is without money as his check hasn´t come.

 

        Such as

        A person such as you are must be happy

 

         Outras: for; because

 

2.        SUBORDINATIVAS: Ligam orações subordinadas

2.1)         Causais

Ex.: because

        He will succeed because he was worked hard.

 

        Outras: as, since

 

2.2)         Comparativas

Ex.: as … as

        That house is as good as that one.

 

        Outras: as if, as thought, as well as, as, more … than

 

2.3)         Concessivas

Ex.: although

 

        Although he seemed sad, he had to go.

 

        Outras: though, despite, in spite of, even if, even though

 

2.4)         Condicionais (são as “if-clauses”)

Ex.: if

        If you study, you will pass.

 

        Outras: if, whether, unless, provided that

 

2.5)         Consecutivas

Ex.: so … that

        She cried so bitterly that I asked her to forgive me.

 

         Outras: after, before

 

2.6)         Finais

Ex.: in order to

        Men work in order that, so that

 

Outras: in order that, so that

 

2.7)         Integrantes

Ex.: where

        I go where I want.

 

Outras: that, when

 

2.8)         Temporais

Ex.: as soon as

        He´ll be here as soon as you arrive.

 

        Outras: whenever, as long as, while, whereas.

 

 

Exercícios:

01.Your accent is _____ than mine.

a)     worse

b)    worst

c)     the worse

d)    the worst

e)     too bad

 

02.He wanted to spend _____ money as possible.

a)     as less

b)    lesser

c)     as little

d)    little

e)     the less

 

03.Choose the correct answer.

a)     I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, I am not?

b)    I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, am I not?

c)     I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, ain´t I?

d)    I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, aren´t I?

e)     I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, are I not?

 

04.Mark the alternative that best complements the following: Mary was born _____.”

a)     in 1916, on May 26th at 9 a. m.

b)    on May 26th at 9 a.m. in 1916.

c)     on May 26th, in 1916 at 9 a.m.

d)    at 9 a.m. on May 26th in 1916.

e)     at 9 a.m. in 1916 on May 26th.

 

05.First, he knocked _____ the door, then he looked _____ the window.

a)     at;in

b)    in; on

c)     at; through

d)    up; in

e)     by; through

 

06.He was born _____ eight o´clock _____ the morning ______ a beautiful day _____ August.

a)     At; in; on;on

b)    At; in; of; in

c)     ___; of; in; of

d)    ___; on; on; in

e)     None of these

 

07.Mark the alternative which completes the sentence below: He´s coming _____ São Paulo and he´s going _____ Brasília _____ bus.

a)     from; to; by

b)    to; from; by

c)     by; from; on

d)    out; to; in

e)     from; to; at

 

08.Johnny was born _____ November 5th _____ a small town. When he was twenty years old, he moved _____ New York. First, he lived _____ a friend _____ Washington Street. After two months, he went to live _____ 1123 Miller Lane Stret.

a)     in; on; for; by; in; on

b)    on; at; to; with; on; in

c)     at; on; by; near; at; in

d)    on; in; to; with; on; at

e)     in; at; near; to; in; on

 

09.First, determine which software program will solve your problem. _____ , buy a compatible computer.

a)     next

b)    besides

c)     following

d)    therefore

e)     on the other hand

 

10._____ Mozart was a genious, he died in poverty.

a)     Although

b)    Unless

c)     Because

d)    However

e)     Whatever

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A PRÓXIMA LIÇÃO SERÁ SOBRE VOCABULÁRIO 4-4

 

 

 

pauloviana2012

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 LESSON 32 - CONJUNCTIONS

(English version)

 

Conjunction is responsible for the word join two sentences.

Examples.:

Although, and, if, as though, because, besides, but, for, why, ever if, like, nevertheless, only, since, still, therefore, till, unless, until, while, yet…

 

There are two species: coordinative and subordinating.

1. COODENATIVAS: bind sentences of the same nature

1.1) Additive = addition designate

Ex.: and

        John and Mary are friends.

 

        Both … and

        Both my sister and my brother are married.

 

        As well as

        You as well as I are to blame.

 

        Not only … but also

        She not only studies, but also plays the guitar.

 

1.2)   Alternative = choice designate

Ex.: or

        He must help me or I´ll not see him again.

 

        Neither … nor

        He is neither a prince nor a frog.

      

       Others: either … or; otherwise; else; or; else

 

1.3)   Adversative = designate contrast

Ex.: But

        She is poor, but happy.

 

        However

        That man, however, refused to go.

 

         Still

         We still work at the same place.

 

          Yet

          I´m tired, yet I,m glad I came.

      

          Others: nevertheless, though, but then

 

1.4)   Concluding = designate completion

Ex.: so

        There was no one there, so I went away.

 

         Therefore

          You won´t help me, therefore I must do it alone.

 

           Others: thus, consequently, hence

 

1.5)   Explanatory = designate an explanation

Ex.: as

        He is without money as his check hasn´t come.

 

        Such as

        A person such as you are must be happy

 

         Others: for; because

 

2.      Subordinating: Connects subordinate clauses

2.1) Causal

Ex.: because

        He will succeed because he was worked hard.

 

        Others: as, since

 

2.2)   comparative

Ex.: as … as

        That house is as good as that one.

 

        Others: as if, as thought, as well as, as, more … than

 

2.3)   concessive

Ex.: although

 

        Although he seemed sad, he had to go.

 

        Others: though, despite, in spite of, even if, even though

 

2.4)   Conditional (are “if-clauses”)

Ex.: if

        If you study, you will pass.

 

        Othyers: if, whether, unless, provided that

 

2.5)   consecutive

Ex.: so … that

        She cried so bitterly that I asked her to forgive me.

 

         Others: after, before

 

2.6)   final

Ex.: in order to

        Men work in order that, so that

 

Others: in order that, so that

 

2.7)   Integrantes

Ex.: where

        I go where I want.

 

Others: that, when

 

2.8)   temporal

Ex.: as soon as

        He´ll be here as soon as you arrive.

 

        Others: whenever, as long as, while, whereas.

 

 

Exercícios:

01.    Your accent is _____ than mine.

a)      worse

b)      worst

c)       the worse

d)      the worst

e)       too bad

 

02.    He wanted to spend _____ money as possible.

a)      as less

b)      lesser

c)       as little

d)      little

e)       the less

 

03.    choose the correct answer.

a)      I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, I am not?

b)      I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, am I not?

c)       I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, ain´t I?

d)      I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, aren´t I?

e)       I am the best and most intelligent student in this class, are I not?

 

04.    Mark the alternative that best complements the following: Mary was born _____.”

a)      in 1916, on May 26th at 9 a. m.

b)      on May 26th at 9 a.m. in 1916.

c)       on May 26th, in 1916 at 9 a.m.

d)      at 9 a.m. on May 26th in 1916.

e)       at 9 a.m. in 1916 on May 26th.

 

05.    First, he knocked _____ the door, then he looked _____ the window.

a)      at;in

b)      in; on

c)       at; through

d)      up; in

e)       by; through

 

06.    He was born _____ eight o´clock _____ the morning ______ a beautiful day _____ August.

a)      At; in; on;on

b)      At; in; of; in

c)       ___; of; in; of

d)      ___; on; on; in

e)       None of these

 

07.    Mark the alternative which completes the sentence below: He´s coming _____ São Paulo and he´s going _____ Brasília _____ bus.

a)      from; to; by

b)      to; from; by

c)       by; from; on

d)      out; to; in

e)       from; to; at

 

08.    Johnny was born _____ November 5th _____ a small town. When he was twenty years old, he moved _____ New York. First, he lived _____ a friend _____ Washington Street. After two months, he went to live _____ 1123 Miller Lane Stret.

a)      in; on; for; by; in; on

b)      on; at; to; with; on; in

c)       at; on; by; near; at; in

d)      on; in; to; with; on; at

e)       in; at; near; to; in; on

 

09.    First, determine which software program will solve your problem. _____ , buy a compatible computer.

a)      next

b)      besides

c)       following

d)      therefore

e)       on the other hand

 

10.    _____ Mozart was a genious, he died in poverty.

a)      Although

b)      Unless

c)       Because

d)      However

e)       Whatever

 

NEXT LESSON WILL BE ON VOCABULARY 4-4

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 THOUGHT OF THE WEEK 14:

"In the war between fire and water, the fire that is always loses."

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