Grammar



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 THOUGHT 09 / 2014

"The bitterness of our enemies serves us much more than the sweetness of our friends: The enemies always say the truth; the friends not."

Cato

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 ANSWERS OF THE EXERCISES OF THE LESSON 39 INTERPRETATION OF TEXTS 11


 


 

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

D

C

D

C

D

D

B

C

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

 

A

B

C

A

D

B

A


 


 


 

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 ANSWERS OF THE EXERCISES OF THE LESSON 39 INTERPRETATION OF TEXTS 11


 


 

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

D

C

D

C

D

D

B

C

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

 

A

B

C

A

D

B

A


 


 


 

pauloviana2012

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 ANSWERS OF THE EXERCISES OF THE LESSON 39 INTERPRETATION OF TEXTS 11


 


 

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

D

C

D

C

D

D

B

C

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

 

A

B

C

A

D

B

A

 


 

pauloviana2012

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 LESSON 40 – FINAL REVIEW (MODULE 02)


 

TEXT 01

1. Fill in the blank:

There are ______ hotels in the desert.

A: best

B: not many

C: this

D: little

E: none


 

2. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Is it hot or cold in August?

______

A: In August is hot.

B: It is very hot in August.

C: It makes very hot in August.

D: Its quite hot in August.

E: It is hot in August, but the more hottest is July.


 

3. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Do you brush your teeth after every meal?

______

A: Yes, I do.

B: I always brushing my teeth.

C: I twice a day brush my teeth.

D: Yes, I brush the teeth after every meal.

E: No, I dont. I brush my teeth once a day.


 

4. Fill in the blank:

Are you the president of this company?

No, ______

A: I are a secretary.

B: I am my employee.

C: he is the president of them.

D: I'm the secretary.

E: I've the vice-president.


 

5. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Aren't they coming with us to the party?

______

A: No, they're not coming.

B: No, they are going with she.

C: No, they are coming in the party later.

D: Yes, they is coming with us.

E: Yes, there coming.


 

6. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

(Jack is making trouble)

______

A: Stop to make trouble Jack!

B: Is to be good Jack!

C: Not to make trouble Jack!

D: Be good Jack!

E: You are good Jack!


 

7. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Where were you yesterday?

______

A: I were with your sister at the movies.

B: I was with he and she.

C: I wasn't in town.

D: I wasn't to the office.

E: I was at the home.


 

8. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Which books are yours: these or those?

______

A: Those are my.

B: Mine books are these.

C: They are mine.

D: Those are my books, and these are yours.

E: These books are mine; those are of John.


 

9. Fill in the blank:

The glass ______ water is on the table.

A: to

B: of

C: with

D: a

E: inside


 

10. Fill in the blank:

We are going to a party at the Shen's house. ______ house is on Fifth Street.

A: Our

B: This

C: A

D: Theirs

E: Their


 

11. Put the phrases in the CORRECT ORDER:

with is going to lunch her she

A. with

B. is

C. going to lunch

D. her

E. she


 

(For example, type bcdea in the box.)


 

12. CHANGE the word TO PLURAL:

hero

answer: _________________


 

13. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

How much is a plane ticket to Rio de Janeiro?

______

A: It's not much.

B: Oh, it's very very.

C: It's most than a ticket to Hong Kong.

D: It is many money.

E: Is a lot.


 

14. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

How was the movie last night?

______

A: Was fantastic.

B: It was better then his first movie.

C: It was a action movie.

D: The movie was very long and very boring.

E: The movie was science fiction kind.


 

15. Fill in the blank:

Peter, you can have ice cream ______ you eat your dinner.

A: before

B: after

C: until

D: since

E: while


 

16. Fill in the blank:

Once upon a time, ______ three bears who lived in a forest in a little red house near a brook.

A: were

B: was

C: are

D: there were

E: was there


 

17. Fill in the blank:

______ you like?

I like grapes and figs.

A: What kind of fruit

B: How many fruit do

C: Types of fruit do

D: What type of fruit do

E: What kind fruit do


 

18. CORRECT THE ERRORS.

few mexicans drink italian wine.

Answer: ____________________


 

19. Change the (verb) to the past tense:

Veronica (drinks) only spring water.

Answer: ________________


 

20. Fill in the blank:

______ the answer?

Yes, the answer is twenty eight.

A: Know you

B: Do you know

C: Are you knowing

D: You know

E: Knowing you


 

21. Fill in the blank:

______ your new job?

A: Do you like

B: Like

C: Are you liked by

D: Like you

E: You like


 

22. Which is the correct way to write the following?

1 + 1 = 2

A: one more one is two

B: one more one equals two

C: one plus one, two

D: one and one am two

E: one plus one is two


 

23. Choose the CORRECT QUESTION:

______?

I'm going to work.

A: Why are you going?

B: What are you going?

C: Where you going?

D: Where are you going?

E: Were are you going?


 

24. Fill in the blank:

Do you ever talk to ______?

A: myself

B: itself

C: herself

D: yourself

E: themselves


 

25. Fill in the blank:

Anna told me a very ______ story.

A: interestingly

B: interest

C: interests

D: interested

E: interesting


 

TEXT 02

 

1. Fill in the blank:

Isn't there anything better than this on TV?

I'm sorry, ______

A: but these is the best.

B: there is anything better than this

C: they isn't

D: this is the better show.

E: there's nothing better.


 

2. Fill in the blank:

Are Rolls Royce cars expensive?

Yes, ______

A: are the most expensive cars in the world.

B: they're the most expensive in the world.

C: it is the most expensive.

D: they are the more expensive.

E: they are very more expensive.


 

3. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Can she speak a foreign language?

______

A: Yes, she can speaks Chinese.

B: Yes, she can. She speaks Chinese very well.

C: Yes, she cans.

D: No, elizabeth cannot speak a foreign language.

E: She can speak the Chinese.


 

4. Put the words in the CORRECT ORDER:

that what mean does word ?

A. that

B. what

C. mean

D. does

E. word


 

(For example, type bcdea in the box.)

5. Put the words in the CORRECT ORDER:

you is behind coat your

A. you

B. is

C. behind

D. coat

E. your


 

(For example, type bcdea in the box.)


 

6. CHANGE the word TO PLURAL:

mouse

answer: __________________


 

7. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Will you get me some sugar please?

______

A: No, thank you.

B: Okay, I will. When?

C: Sure, no problem. How many sugar do you want?

D: I'm sorry, there is any sugar.

E: Yes, I will. Here you are.


 

8. CORRECT THE ERRORS.

I'll ask the woman behind the desk; she'll know where the managers office is.

Answer: _____________


 

9. Which is CORRECT?

A: Tomorrow, Anna has a lots to do.

B: She must get up early because she must go to the hardware store with she brother.

C: There, they will buy a few paint.

D: In the afternoon, they will paint the garden table and chairs.

E: Tomorrow evening, shes going out to dinner with her friends.


 

10. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Do you go shopping often?

______

A: Yes, I once a week go shopping at the supermarket.

B: Yes, I usually go shopping on Mondays.

C: Yes, I go shopping every days.

D: I go shopping at Sun Supermarket.

E: No, never I go shopping.


 

11. Which is CORRECT?

 

A: In the kitchen of John, there is a stove, a sink and a refrigerator.

B: There are dirty dish in the sink.

C: The clean dishes are on the shelves, inside the cupboard.

D: Is boiling water in a pot on the stove.

E: Behind the refrigerator, there is many dust.


 

12. Which is CORRECT?

A: Italy is famous for it's good food, fancy clothes and fast cars.

B: Pasta is cheap, nutritious and easy to prepare.

C: The more famous people in the world wear Italian clothes.

D: Everybody's heard of ferrari, the fastest car in the world.

E: Italian is expert at enjoying life.


 

13. Fill in the blank:

Have you ______ been to Africa?

No, I haven't.

A: ever

B: always

C: still

D: yet

E: much


 

14. Fill in the blank:

I don't think ______ can run faster than Carl Lewis.

A: everyone

B: no one

C: one

D: anyone

E: someone


 

15. Which is NOT POLITE?

A: May I have some ketchup please?

B: I'd like a beer.

C: Can I get some salad?

D: Could I have a cup of coffee?

E: I want a hamburger.


 

16. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

What happened to the cake?

______

A: It was eaten.

B: The cake was eating by George.

C: The cake eaten.

D: George eats it.

E: Was eaten by George.


 

17. Fill in the blank:

______ thinking about your brother?

A: What you were

B: Were you

C: Was you

D: You were

E: You was


 

18. Choose the CORRECT QUESTION:

______?

She's about seventy-five kilograms.

A: What weight is Mrs. Park?

B: Which weight is Mrs. Park?

C: Weighs much Mrs. Park?

D: How much does Mrs. Park weigh?

E: How much weighs Mrs. Park?


 

19. Fill in the blank:

Catherine is really a snob: she walked right ______ me without even saying hello.

A: by

B: of

C: from

D: across

E: passed


 

20. CHANGE the sentence TO A QUESTION:

They went shopping.

Answer: ___________


 

21. Which are the SAME?

A. take down 1. disrespect

B. look down on 2. disappoint

C. let down 3. outline

D. close down 4. write

E. set down 5. go bankrupt


 

(Start with A. For example, type a3b2c4d1e5 in the box.)


 

22. Which are the SAME?

A. sit out 1. socialize

B. hang out 2. exclude yourself

C. pick out 3. dispose of

D. throw out 4. plan

E. think out 5. select


 

(Start with A. For example, type a3b2c4d1e5 in the box.)


 

23. Fill in the blank:

Could you repeat the question please? I'm sorry, ______ very clearly right now.

A: do not think

B: I are not thinking

C: I am not thinking

D: don't think

E: Im not thinking


 

24. Choose the CORRECT RESPONSE:

Why do you shop at Sun Market?

______

A: Because it's less expensiver.

B: I shop there for to save time.

C: I shop at Sun because it's convenient.

D: For save money.

E: I shop there every Friday.


 

25. Put the phrases in the CORRECT ORDER:

she was about to gave her a raise quit her job when they

A. she

B. was about to

C. gave her a raise

D. quit her job

E. when they


 

(For example, type bcdea in the box.)


 

HERE ENDS THE MODULE 2

AND WILL BEGIN NEXT LESSON MODULE 3


 


 

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 THOUGHT 10

"The art of living is to get the greatest good of the greatest evil."

Machado de Assis

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 RESPONSES OF TEST LESSON 40 MODULE 02


 


 

TEXT 01

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

B

B

A

D

A

D

C

D

B

E

EBCAD

HEROES

A

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

 

D

B

D

D

(*)

(**)

B

A

E

D

D

E

 


 

(*) Few Mexicans drink Italian wine.

(**) Veronica drank only spring water

TEXT 02

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

E

B

B

BDAEC

EDBCA

(*)

E

(**)

D

B

C

B

A

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

 

D

E

A

B

D

A

(***)

A2B1C5D4E5

A2B1C5D3E4

C

C

ABDEC

 


 

(*) mice

(**) I'll ask the woman behind the desk; she'll know where the manager's office is.

(***) Did they go to the shopping

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 LESSON 01 - ENGLISH TIPS "false friends" - A

 

 

 

false cognates

 

INTRODUCTION

Throughout our history, no other language has influenced the language Portuguese with the same speed dialing that English is presence in the Portuguese spoken in Brazil. This phenomenon is due essentially to economic dominance, political and technical-scientific of English speaking countries allied to technological unprecedented media. There is no doubt that languages ​​always influenced and were influenced by other languages​​, due to the presence of terms derived from Latin and Greek Portuguese spoken in these days. To cite just a few examples of the twentieth century, there are cases futebol”, “abajur”, “buquê” – already made Portuguese words – e “milk shake”, “shopping center”, “mouse” etc., what were assimilated maintaining his original spelling. What it changed it was to speed with which this influence it takes place. Satellite, TV to end, Internet, movable telephony, video-conference etc. there are so present elements in our daily life that, for times, in we forget of what they were not existing a few decades behind.

Consequently, we have of the English language dock in our language frequently, speed and expand when they were never seen before.

I do not want to stop, however, the impression what this is a guide purist

opposite to the neologisms presence. It is not that. At the same time, no

I think that we have to accept passively this wave, almost one

tidal wave, of loanwords. The main objective of this guide is to alert them readers on the false similarities that they can induce to mistakes of

text understanding and even to do with which translators and interpreters

be experienced they or not – commit involuntary lapses. Over there

of that, I offer translation alternatives so that we have not what will always use words cognates when we translate texts oral and written for the Portuguese language.

To mine to see, the problem made a list to the excessive job of

loanwords can be divided by it in three categories, knowing:

 

1. I use terms that describe scientific or technological innovation and for which are not there translation consecrated in Portuguese; for example,

software”, “air bag”, “scanner” etc.

Clearly there is more than one acceptable alternative translation for

words of this group. In order to avoid any ambiguity, however, technicians, scientists and professionals in a given area end up adopting the English form. As the access to manuals, documents, scientific papers, etc.., in English, is increasingly facilitated these terms are devoted in its original form, and if they are used by experts, no other person dares to modify what is rooted among the experts on the subject. I believe there is much to can be done, because the terms are well disseminated. Also I believe this is not a serious problem for our language as the other two I describe below.

 

2. Employment of English words for which no translation consecrated in Portuguese, for example, “delivery”, “diet”, “low profile” etc.

The words of the second group are nothing outlandish fashions. the

people who use them have the illusion of being fashionable or think they are demonstrating intelligence, cultural background etc.. What's wrong with “entrega em domicílio”, “dietético” and “discreto”? Chic is to speak two or

more languages​​, but always one at a time!

 

3. Creating dactyls meanings for the words of Portuguese. Bigger problem, in my view, is when Brazilians go translate English words and end up changing the meaning of the words Portuguese. An example is what happened with the word “consistente”. By the fact of “CONSISTENT” Also mean “coerente”, “constante” etc., the adjective “consistente” It became employed with this same sense. It is common see the expression “informações consistentes” When it wants to say “informações coerentes”. This phenomenon takes place, in my opinion, due to two factors: it is lacking of knowledge of our language and the speed with which the words in English tour the world nowadays. There are countless examples that are fitted in this category: “EDUCATION” (usa-se “educação quando se quer dizer “escolaridade”), “PLANT” (usa-se “planta” com o sentido de “fábrica” ou “usina”), “INDUSTRY” (usa-se “indústria” em vez de “setor (econômico)”), “APPLICATION” (usa-se “aplicação” em situações em que “requerimento” seria a palavra ideal), “FREEZE” (já ouvi “frisar” com o sentido de “congelar”!), Between many others.

 

SUGGESTIONS FOR TRANSLATION

The translation suggestions presented in brackets below the title of the entry point are divided by a semicolon to highlight the main senses of the term. In "LAMP", for example, are presented three suggestions: [lampião, candeeiro, luminária]. Below is further explanation on that depending on relevance, can be offered more translation alternatives, guidance on pronunciation, idioms where the entry is used, practical tips targeting the appropriate use of the word, other options for the English language version etc..

 

EXAMPLES

All examples presented are translated to facilitate the understanding of Brazilian readers. It is evident that the translation suggestion presented is not the only possible. Many of them contain excerpts taken from dictionaries and renowned international press agencies, most notably the United States and England.

 

MORPHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS

When the entry has two or more morphological features that deserve

Featured, they appear preceded by abbreviations in parentheses. in

"COMBINE", for example, we have the following description: [(v.) agrupar, juntar; (n.) colheitadeira].

 

BRITISH ENGLISH / AMERICAN ENGLISH

If there are significant differences between the English and British English

American, they are shown highlighted. In "Pudding", this

difference appears like this: [cream (AmE), dessert (BrE)].

 

CROSS REFERENCE

Whenever there is any relationship, be it of any nature, between

queried word and another entry in the dictionary, there is indication that the

reader can delve into their research. In "invaluable", there are

following links: Inflammable Cf and Cf inhabitable

 

OBSERVATION

This chapter is intended for native speakers who want to learn English a little bit of English, but can also be beneficial for the natives of other languages ​​disregarding the comments specifically tailored to the Portuguese language.

 

ABBREVIATIONS

(-) = Option unless indicated

(+) = Preferred option

adj. = Adjective / adjective

adv. = Adverb / adverb

AmE = American Inglês / American English

anat. = Anatomy

bot. = Botany

BrE = British Inglês / British English

Cf = Conference (compare)

fin. = Finance

Physics. = Physics

gen. = General / generic

geom. = Geometry

inf. = informal

jur. = legal

mec. = Mechanical

med. = Medicine

thousand. = military

mus. = Music

n. = noun

pl. = plural

s. = noun

sing. = singular

usu. Usually = / usually

v. = Verb / verb

 

 

A

 

ABSOLUTELY

[claro que sim]

[ABSOLUTELY NOT = absolutamente]

Pay close attention when using this word in English and cognate "absolutely" in Portuguese. These two words have opposite directions

have the potential to cause great misunderstandings! As we well know,

"Absolutely" in Portuguese has a negative meaning and is usually

used to refuse an offer, request, suggestion etc.. The word

"ABSOLUTELY" is used in the opposite direction, ie, this term is

used to agree. In the following example, means "Of course!";

"Absolutely."; "No doubt.".

A: Do you really think he did the right thing? B: Absolutely!

A: Você acha mesmo que ele agiu corretamente? B: Com certeza!

 

ACTUALLY

[realmente]

[NOWADAYS = atualmente]

No list of false cognates can be considered complete unless it includes the adjective "ACTUAL" and the adverb "actually", so do not be such easy prey traps. Remember that, in English, "actually" mean "realmente", "na verdade", "de fato" etc.. If you need to say or write "currently" in English, use of the following words:: “TODAY”, “NOW” or “NOWADAYS”.

After all, Microsoft was actually behind Netscape and others in the

Internet game. (Business Week)

Afinal de contas, a Microsoft estava, na verdade, perdendo para a

Netscape, entre outras empresas, a disputa pela Internet.

14

AGENDA

[agenda, agenda, program (government)]

[CALENDAR = calendar (appointments)]

[ADDRESS BOOK = schedule (address)]

You can even ask me: Why you should not always translate

"DIARY" by "agenda"? I answer, why not write down appointments and phones "AGENDA". There are two meanings for this noun in the English language. The first is "agenda", ie, a list of issues to be discussed at a meeting. The second is also a list, but the goals, achievements etc. possible. In this case, the translation suggestions are "program (government)", "plans", "platform (policy)," "targets" and other synonyms. For the two meanings, is increasingly frequent use of Britishness "agenda". Use the suggestions in the box to say "calendar (appointments)" and "agenda (address and telephone)" in English. But in Moscow he said merely that the issue was on the agenda for

study and “needs time”. (BBC)

Mas em Moscou ele simplesmente afirmou que o assunto estava na

pauta para ser estudado e que “requer tempo”.

I have him on my calendar for next Thursday.

Tenho compromisso agendado com ele na quinta que vem.

 

ALMS

[esmola]

[SOULS = almas]

The word "ALMS" is further proof that appearances really

cheat in the study of English. The noun "ALMS" means

esmola” or “donativo”. To say, in English, "alma" in the plural, use the

word “SOULS”.

The two nuns have dedicated their lives to helping others, giving aid,

alms, and relief.

As duas freiras dedicaram suas vidas a ajudar o próximo, oferecendo

auxílio, donativos e conforto.

 

US government officials insisting at news conferences that America is

winning the war. (CNN)

As autoridades do governo americano insistem nas coletivas de

imprensa que os Estados Unidos estão vencendo a guerra.

 

Most of demonstrators flocking to Quebec say they oppose the plan to

create a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). (CNN)

Grande parte dos manifestantes que se dirigem a Quebec afirmam ser

contrários à criação da Área de Livre Comércio das Américas – ALCA.

 

APPOINT

[nomear]

[POINT (AT) = apontar]

As they say the Americans and the British, “Looks are deceiving!” (As

aparências enganam!). The verb "APPOINT" does not mean “apontar” but, “nomear” or “marcar”. to say “apontar” in English, prefer the verb "POINT (AT)" in order to direct the attention of someone with

forefinger and "SHARPEN" when referring to their pencil. Check out the examples below and, as usual, do not be fooled by

appearances.

Cf. NOMINATE

Cf. POINT

When he was appointed vice-chairman there were accusations of

cronyism because of his friendship with chancellor Gordon Brown.

(BBC)

Quando ele foi nomeado vice-presidente houve acusações de

favorecimento devido à amizade que tem com o chanceler Gordon

Brown.

 

She was willing to see me, and I turned up at the appointed time.

(CNN)

Ela queria conversar comigo e eu apareci na hora marcada.


 


 


 


 


 

The NEXT LESSON will BE ON GUIDE OF CONVERSATION

IN The THEATRE And IN The CINEMA”

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 THOUGHT 11

"The beauty is a letter of recommendation in the short term."

NinonLenclos

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 LESSON 02 – AT THE THEATER AND AT THE CINEMA


 

At the theater and at the cinema

No teatro e no cinema

 

We are going to the theater tonight.

No teatro e no cinema

 

Where is the ... theater?

Onde é o teatro ...?

 

I would like to see the program of the theater season.

Eu gostaria de ver a programação da temporada teatral.

 

Is there any interesting play?

Há alguma peça interessante?

 

Who is performing at the ... theater today?

Quem está se apresentando no teatro...?

 

At what time are there performances?

Qual é o horário dos espetáculos?

 

At what time does the last shows start?

A que horas começa a última sessão?

 

I would like to book two stalls for tomorrow night, please.

Eu gostaria de reservar duas poltronas para amanhã `noite, por favor.

 

Central seats, if possible.

Lugares centrais , se possível.

 

What film is on show at the ... movie theater?

Que filme está passando no cinema...?

 

Are there still some seats?

Ainda há lugares sentados?

 

Only in the gallery.

Só na galeria.

 

Standing room only, I am afraid.

Somente lugares em pé.

 


 


 

THE NEXT LESSON WILL BE ON TEXT 12