New Zealand is such a small universe with all the attractions of the world. Here you can walk on the slopes of active volcanoes in remote jungles or virgins; through geysers and hot springs mud or kauri forests, with the oldest trees on earth. You can swim with dolphins, whale watching, see how a glacier descends on the jungle, fish for trout in crystalline creeks and contemplate penguins and seals around vessels, while in fiords step into hiding.
If you are an adventurer, you can make rapid water rafting, climbing, parachute jump, skiing and especially jump from any height with an elastic cord tied to the ankles: the bugy jumping. You can also experience the fascinating Maori culture and the warmth of the friendly people of New Zealand.
And there are cities, of course, full of museums and cultural life ever more ubiquitous. All major towns have a vibrant night life with theater, dance and live music at will. Arts and crafts are greatly appreciated, and arise in any corner to admire magnificent galleries and shopping.
The country is increasingly oriented to tourism, from the highest standing up to the "backpacker", with offerings to suit all tastes and economies.
New Zealand emerges about 2,000 miles southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, just the antipodes of Spain. Formed by a group of islands that extend up to 1,600 miles across the South Pacific, equidistant turn the equator and the South Pole Its territory includes the Chatham Islands, Kermadec, Tokelau, Auckland, Antipodes, Snares, Solander, Bounty and the Ross Dependency in Antarctica.
New Zealand has two main islands, the North (North Island, 115,000 sq km) and southern (South Island, 151,000 sq km), separated by the Cook Strait. Only 32 kilometers separate the shortest distance and no more than 120 kilometers from any point of the island to the sea. In the extreme southernmost lies Stewart Island, 1,700 square kilometers. The total area of the country is 286.05 square kilometers. The coastline, with numerous bays, harbors and fiords is too long in relation to the land mass that covers the surface of the islands.
The southern island is traversed from north to south through the Alps Neo-Zealanders. In New Zealand, as well as volcanoes erased the famous Mount Egmont, still hold up others in full swing as the Ruapehu. The Quaternary glaciations cut deep valleys covered with lakes or fjords later, and those times on the island are conserved extensive glaciers.
Among the most important rivers are the Waikato (425 kilometers), the Clutha (322 kms.) And Wanganui (290 kms.). In this country of great natural wealth should not forget the great lakes. It should highlight the Taupo, the largest extension, with 60,606 hectares, Te Anau and Wakapitu.
Something that characterizes this country is very caring of their natural environment, also rich in beautiful conifer forests in southern coral reefs, which usually develop near the bodies.
POPULATION AND CUSTOMS
The population of New Zealand is around 3.5 million inhabitants, a relatively small population for its length, it represents a density of just over 12 people per square kilometer. Despite being a country with an important agricultural sector, the majority of the population-around 70% - live in urban areas. Of these, 75% is concentrated in the north island, stimulated by the mild climate, the expansion of the forest industry and horticulture specialist, and the establishment of trading companies and factories near large markets.
78% of New Zealanders are of European descent, 13% are native Maori and Polynesians make up 5% of the Pacific Islands. Moreover, 1.3% Chinese and 1% is Indian. Currently, the western population tends to decrease while earning demographic weight the rest of the races. Although in recent years the immigration decreased due to the harsh economic conditions, these days New Zealand gets new waves of immigration, especially from Asia and the islands of Polynesia.
Everyone agrees on the New Zealanders qualify as open and friendly and, curiously, like their Australian neighbors, are also considered relaxed. The New Zealanders like to enjoy life and its landscapes, and living without haste, but without pause, because in a very short time has put his country among the developed nations. Highly value self-reliance and private enterprise making use of limited resources (called "kiwi ingenuity").
The pace of life in the South Island is clearly more relaxed and paused the North, where the greatest population density and urban development requires a way to live more hurried. People in the south are kind to tourists, but their generosity is no obstacle to retain its roots and a great love for the land where they live.
The New Zealanders, in general, very caring of their homes. There are usually rented, thus spend a lot of time and money in keeping them in good repair and beautify them.
ART AND CULTURE
Acultura Maori knows like Maoritanga and your lifestyle and world view, constitute a part of life and growing mutant of Aotearoa (New Zealand). Incidentally, the Maori have adopted as their own many aspects of Western culture, and a growing number of New Zealanders currently sharing the riches of Maori heritage.
The "marae" the meeting house and the surrounding yard is the core of the Maori community life. The marae complete works as democratic principles that have evolved from the strict codes of conduct that governed every aspect of traditional life.
Nowadays, most Maori live far from their marae. Many live and work in the city and must make a special effort to maintain social and cultural ties with its Maori heritage.
Among the most characteristic work of Maoritanga highlight the jars in kauri pine wood, with deep spiritual meaning. But if you want to take a good reminder advise you not despise tissues Maori and of course, their elaborate tattoos.
In nephrite (a green stone) the Maori found optimal material for adzes, small apples, their first tools to work the land and pendants. The pendants are the most popular heitiki, who gave up great value, its length ranged from 6 to 20 cm and consisted of a human figure with the head bent over homo, as a fetus, pindurada on a string.
One of the most deeply rooted traditions in this country is the music, which Melanesians accompany dances and sacred ceremonies with singing and musical sounds produced with the help of a drum-shaped leather hourglass. This primitive instrument was used by the first settlers of these islands to convey messages up through the jungle. Along coexist others like bamboo flute, the ukeke, a type of zither and ukelele, an isolated of lute. Maori Songs of stress that is concentrated in a note recital called "gold", and the content of each song very important results.
Dance and theater are also very developed and cinema New Zealander reaps international successes (The Piano, or Warriors of old, for example). In opera singer Kiri Te Kanawa is one of the most prestigious in the world. The New Zealand Symphony Orchestra offers 120 concerts annually, and is accompanied by pictures of the front row as soloists.
If you enjoy reading do not forget to get some of the books of the best-known writers such as Janet Frame or Maori Witi T. Ihimaera.
CUSTOMS AND DOCUMENTATION
To join the New Zealand need a passport with a validity of at least three months, and visa for stays exceeding 90 days and exit passage.
The position of New Zealand in oceanic temperate latitudes, between 34 and 47 degrees South latitude, is the determinant of the country's varied climate. It is generally uniform, but ranges from sub-tropical climate, which presents itself in the northern summer until a polar climate, present in the winters of the Alps of the South
The weather is variable and windy: indeed, the seasonal variations are not as marked as in other countries. The summers are seldom too warm and, in coastal areas, winters are short but not too hard. We present rain precipitation year round, more in winter than in spring. The winter snow is limited to the mountains and hilly terrain, and most of the country has at least 2,000 hours of sunlight a year.
English is the common language spoken by most of the population, but the Maori is an official language recognized by Parliament and that is acquiring increasing significance on a national scale.
Although it does not have an official Religion, Christianity is professed by most of the population. The top three are: the Anglican (Church of England), with 25% of the population, Presbyterian, and Roman Catholic 18%, with 16%. There are many other smaller groups with representation, as the Methodists, Baptists, Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Pentecostals and Seventh-day Adventists and Ringatu Ratana religions also have a large following (Maori are adaptations of Christianity).
The electric current in New Zealand is 230 volts, 50 Hz
CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE
The official currency is the New Zealand dollar, equal to 100 cents. There are coins of 1, 5, 10 and 25 cents. Notes 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and $ 100. >
Can be introduced in the country the amount of currency that the traveler wishes, and the same way you can take the cash or traveler's checks unused.
You can easily change money in any bank, and get better rates in travelers' checks, no surcharge on exchange transaction. Accepted all major cards at banks, stores and restaurants in a certain entity.
POST OFFICE AND TELEPHONE
The postal service is very efficient. There are offices in most povoaões.
As for phones, there are public booths to make local calls. For long-distance calls can be made directly. To call New Zealand should dial 00, the country code 64, city prefix and number.
Are smoothly most used brands of film, as well as the material needed for photography. The prices are interesting.
New Zealand is not well seen leaving a tip. Plus, when you enter the country for signs indicating that tipping is not a popular custom and advising the traveler does not give them.
The drops have significantly reduced the extent of forests in New Zealand but still can contemplate more than six million hectares of pine forests kauri, rimu and totara, which sometimes exceed altitudes of more than 35 meters. Also on the South Island's extensive forests of beech trees and ferns abound, like the pohutukawa flower scarlet and yellow Kowhai intense. The silver fern is a national symbol.
The vegetation of the island is a menagerie of species typical of temperate climate, mean, big and lush tropical plants not found anywhere else in the world. One should not forget that, in fact, that New Zealand has native forests of evergreens, which are derived from some of the oldest known species on the planet.
The fauna of this country, especially highlights the tuatara, a lizard or dinosaur species modern about 60 centimeters, which inhabits some islands near the coast. It is the only surviving species of a family of reptiles extinguished over a hundred million years.
On the other hand, the only native mammal is the bat. In contrast, the diversity of birds is overwhelming (some 300), due to the long isolation of the islands, which gave the opportunity for these species to reproduce without any danger. But most of them are unable to fly, is why take the place of mammals on earth. The kiwi, the national bird, living with the pastor tui bird or the weka (wild chicken) and the kakapo (owl-parrot).
We will do an initial tour of the North Island, where we will visit major cities: Auckland, Whangarei, Hamilton, Rotorua, the zone of thermal waters, and the capital, Wellington, at the southern end of the island. After we cross the South Island and will travel the tourist centers of greatest interest: Nelson, Christchurch and Queenstown, among others.
It is the largest city and the fourth extension in the world. It has a population of over one million inhabitants, a quarter of the total New Zealand. "City of Sails" loves water sports, particularly sailing, which brings throngs of visitors.
The landmark ruling of the city is the beautiful silhouette of the bridge, the sparkling waters of the Waitemata and Manukau two stalls, and the cone of Rangitoto Island, the last city of volcanoes to erupt, are only 600 years.
Among the museums that highlight the city offers the Auckland Museum, displaying a very complete collection of Maori culture and objects, and the Maritime Museum Wharf Hobsom situated opposite the sea, exploring over a thousand years of seafaring history of New Zealand.
Kelly Tarltom Antarctic Encounter & Underwater World offers one of the most impressive views of the sub aquatic world to be experienced in the world, while the Auckland Zoo has an extensive representation of the local fauna, and it could observe the elusive kiwi and pre -Historical tuatara.
Auckland has been keen to keep intact its urban past, and so today you can enjoy various colonial-era buildings preserved and restored. Alberton Homestead, Howick House and Ewelme Cottage are open to visitors. Howick Colonial Village neighborhood in Howick, east of town, is a small village in the middle of the nineteenth fully restored. In the same vein, the neighborhood of Parnell Village has maintained the historic flavor of their shops and homes, but not as museum pieces, but as active elements of one of the areas with most living in Auckland.
Auckland sits on the craters of extinct volcanoes about 50 today utilized for recreational areas and provide magnificent views of the city and its surroundings. The highest of them is the spectacular Mt Eden, the other option to get a magnificent view is of One Tree Hill.
Tamaki drive and Orakel millionaires are the stronghold of New Zealanders, culminating in Bastiom Point, its luxurious harbor.
Missiom Bay is sort of equivalent to Santa Monica California, very popular in summer, with its quiet beach and promenade full of cafes coquetos.
Reflecting the concern of New Zealanders for the environment, Auckland has a rich and varied range of parks and gardens. Among them we highlight the Auckland Domain, Cornwall Park and the Eden Garden.
The Hauraki Gulf, on the edge of Auckland, is full of islands, some of them a few minutes from town, which converts them into an ideal destination for day trips.
By road SH1, just outside of Auckland is the Whangaparoa Peninsula, ideal for water sports. At the northern end of the peninsula Shakespeare Regional Park offers a wide range, plus the ability to observe a rich collection of fauna and flora NZ.
Whangarei, with its 40,000 inhabitants, is the largest city north of Auckland and a paradise for lovers of racing. The beaches at Whangarei Heads, 35 kilometers from the city, is a stunning beauty. Very close to Bay of Islands is one of the main tourist attractions of the country.
The main town in the countryside, is crossed by the Waikato River, the longest in New Zealand. Among the main attractions is the Waikato Museum of History and Art, the National Agricultural Heritage Complex, with several museums to explain the rich agricultural and cattle-raising region, historic buildings and a farm in authentic that you can interact with the animals. The immense Hamiltom Gardens contains over 100 different themed gardens.
The Hamilton Area
Very near Hamiltom is Waingaro Hot Springs, a complex of rest and entertainment emerged around three thermal pools. For the coast, 48 kilometers from the Raglan Hamiltom is the quintessential beach town of the region. Their immemorial conditions attract many surfers, especially on the beaches of Te Manu Bay and Whale Bay, especially in summer, when celebrated in prestigious international competitions.
It is the most important tourist spot of the North Island. It has been renamed the "City of Sulphur", due to intense thermal activity recorded it. Rotorua is also the capital of the Bay of Plenty (Bay of Plenty), known for its huge cabin, trout in the rivers, the excellent beaches and fruit, vegetables (not far, in Tauranga, visits are organized to meet the cultivation of kiwi) and its principal activities of sheep and cattle.
In Hinemoa St. are the hot springs and the Orchid Garden. It is a greenhouse (with a rich variety of insects and reptiles) with a large body of water. The most important thermal area of Rotorua and throughout New Zealand is the Whakarewarewa Reserve, where the geyser is Pohutu.
Throughout the area there are thermal areas, although the Reserve Hell's Gate, the largest thermal waterfalls in the southern hemisphere will fill you with wonder. A cruise on Lake Rotorua, will take you to the Maori village of Ohinemutu where not miss the Maori Anglican Church of Santa Fe, beautifully carved and decorated with paintings by native artists.
A little further south, Lake Taupo, with the largest colony of gannets in the world. The town of Turangi separates it from the Tongariro National Park, the residence of the gods according to Maori beliefs.
It is located in the southernmost point of the North Island and is the capital of New Zealand. Among its major attractions highlights Port Nicholson. The wooden buildings are a distinctive landmark of Wellington, who boasts of having one of the largest buildings made of this material, the Old Parliament Building. Among the religious buildings stands the Cathedral of St Paul, a beautiful show temprano English Gothic wood.
Among the numerous museums in the city distinguished the Maritime Museum, closely linked to the history of seafaring town, and with a magnificent three-dimensional model of the port. The Wellingtom City Art Gallery offers stupendous collections of contemporary art, just as the Capitol Discovery Place. The best collections of art and culture Maori and Pacific Islanders will find them in the National Museum, which also houses the National Gallery of Art and the NZ Academy of Fine Arts.
The best view of Wellingtom and its port must enjoy it from the lookout atop Mount Victoria. Also worth a visit to the botanical gardens and the zoo.
The Cook Strait separates the islands of North and South America, and some can appear up to two different worlds. The first region is to achieve Malborough. The best base for exploring the stunning National Park Picton Marlborough Sounds is. The ferry arrives this city of the North Island, the Queen Charlotte Sound specifically, one of the legs of the park land. The city has some activity in the summer and when the boats arrive, but it is very quiet at other times.
Marlborough Sounds consists of numerous bays, islands, caves and channels. The waters deep valleys formed after the last glaciation. Most of these waters are now included in the National Marine Park, consisting of small separate reservations for private lands.
An hour and a half by road from Blenheim, to the west, arrives at Nelson City, capital of the surrounding region of Nelson, which is now home to many of the best craftsmen in the country, attracted by the wealth of material that there can be found (stone, wood, clay, glass) and the magnificent climate. Nelson City is one of the oldest cities in the country, founded in 1840 by German Lutheran immigrants, acquiring the status of the city thanks to the construction of the cathedral. It is a city well endowed with educational and artistic institutions, highlighting the Suter Art Gallery, with a magnificent collection of nineteenth-century frescoes. In the old parts of the city abound large Victorian mansions. It is especially recommended to visit the Broadgreen, in the suburb of Stoke as this restored mansion is surrounded by an impressive garden of flowers. Very close, Isel Park displays magnificent species of trees, besides housing the Provincial Museum.
The coast of Nelson is full of beaches and protected bays very safe.
In the southern region, between the ridges boscosos the Nelson Lakes National Park, are as beautiful lakes and Rotori Rotoroa. In them one can enjoy a wonderful relaxed virgin landscape.
Down the coast we arrive at Christchurch, the largest urbanization of the South Island With a third of the area devoted to parks, reserves and sports fields, Christchurch is rightly called the "garden city". Strolling by any of the huge parks, on the Hagley find one of the best botanical gardens in the world. You can also walk on the River Avon boat for nearly an hour and enjoy the entire journey.
The Cathedral Square remains the heart of the city. In Christchurch architecture is a spectacle. The old building of the Provincial Government of Canterbury reflects the distinctive Gothic architecture of the last century. Lyttelton, the port of Christchurch, there is a unique lighthouse shaped castle dating from the last century.
"Sigm of the Tahake" This has become a cafe restaurant is an impressive Gothic building of stone in the Cashmere Hills, from where it dominates the city and the Canterbury Plains.
The Anglican Cathedral is a good example of English Gothic, and has a beautiful glazing. The Catholic cathedral is the best work of Renaissance architecture in the country, and its interior is equally superb.
Among the city's excellent museums highlight the Maori and Maori-bird McDougal Robert Gallery and Gallery. Make sure you also go to the "South Pole" at the International Antarctic Center. If it is still little in the Canterbury Museum can magnify your information on the subject, and enjoy memories of the first inhabitants of the city, to rebuild a street of the last century.
In the cable car can climb to Mt Cavendish, from where the view encompasses the bay and the Canterbury plains to the Alps of the South in recent worth visiting the National Park of Mount Cook, the highest peak in the Southern Alps.
Heading south and inland arrives at Queenstown, on the edge of Lake Wakatipu in one of the most beautiful landscapes in the world. It is a small town of just over 2,500 inhabitants, living for tourism. You can start by getting to know Queenstowm higher, taking the Skyline Gondola that leads to the summit of the hill dominating the city and offers some incredible views of the lake. A little further down the ridge lies the curious Motor Museum, where you can admire a good collection of old cars and motorcycles. Nearby, the Kiwi and Birdlife Park presents the spectacle of the traditional kiwi in their nocturnal habitat.
Since Queenstowm can visit Fiordland, which, with 1.2 million hectares, is the largest national park in the country and one of the largest nature reserves in the world.
On the coast, east of Queenstown, Dunedin is a city of just over 100,000 residents, where 10% are students, whereby abundant cafes, pubs and art and culture centers.
The National Park Abel Tasmam is one of the most popular hiking areas of New Zealand, and has several routes, the most beautiful lies around the coast. The park is located on the northern reaches of a mountain range extending up from the Kahurangi National Park. To the north, Farewell Spit, consists of a strip of land 26 kilometers wide, considered his home for seals, albatrosses and other birds.
There is also the possibility of making an excursion to the island of Tonga to bathe with the seals, an unforgettable experience, especially for minors.
Language: Fijian, English and Hindi
Currency: Dollar Fijian
Climate: tropical wet
Time zone (UTC): +12
The best known Melanesian archipelago is made up of 320 islands, only one third are inhabited. His name evokes idyllic beaches, coral islands and luxury complex, and the visitor does not feel cheated in expectations because Fiji is that and more. The larger islands of volcanic origin, has a mountainous interior of leafy forests wild, striking landscapes and picturesque villages.
The volcanic lakes of clear water compete in beauty with the turquoise waters of the barrier reef and the exploitation and sports.
However, Fiji is also culture, or rather mixture of cultures: Polynesian, Indian and Europeans have given rise to a peculiar architecture, language, cuisine, religion and, above all, a hospitable character that makes the stranger feel at home.
The Fiji islands are located southwest of the Pacific Ocean south of the Equator and north of the Tropic of Capricorn. Its boundaries cover over 1.3 million square kilometers, of which only 1.5% is land. In total the surface of this land is about 18,300 km square.
The archipelago comprises some 300 islands, but if we count all the small islands in the area, the number could rise to 800. The largest island is Viti Levu, with 10,390 km square, and the second Vanua Levu, with 5538 km square. Only a third of the islands are inhabited, mainly due to isolation and lack of water in many of them. The remaining groups of islands are: Lau, formed by 57 islands; Moala, formed by three; Lomaiviti, consisting of 12 islands, the group Kadavu and Yasawa archipelago, 20 islands, which form the western boundary.
The highest elevation is Mount Victoria, with 1323 meters of altitude, located at the north end of the mountain range that divides Viti Levu in the east and west.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Fiji is characterized by a large amount of dense tropical vegetation and pristine wilderness. The dacua and jaca together with vesicular form part of the most common trees. The coconut palms, the pandanus whose leaves are used for making baskets, bamboo and reeds, are part of the landscape of the tropical archipelago.
Also typical of the jungle, tagimaucia is the national flower of Fiji. Orchids abound and vanilla. Among the edible plants and highlights the tavioka dalo, whose roots have a high nutritional value and is also used its leaves in traditional Fijian cuisine. The natives distinguish up to 80 different species of dalo. The kava, a plant belonging to the family of peppers, is largely grown in Fiji, its roots are dried and mixed with water to produce the yaqona, a ritual drink.
Among the plants of the garden is the most common hibiscus, used as decoration, food and medicine. Were brought from Brazil and the buganvile alemanda that produce beautiful yellow flowers throughout the year.
The only endemic land mammals are six species of bats. The most common is the fruit bat, known as flying fox or beka, which nests in the tallest trees of the woods. Two other species of bats live in caves, so it can rarely be seen.
Mammalian exogenous, the most common is the mongoose, brought from India in 1883 to control pests in rats sugar cane plantations. Several species of dolphins and whales can be sighted occasionally back when emigrate fleeing the cold waters of the Antarctic.
The Fijian fauna is rich in reptiles: there are 20 species of terrestrial reptiles, four turtles and four snakes sea. There are several types of iguanas, the most frequent crest of the iguana and nagged. Among amphibians, the most notorious is the sapo cane.
Fiji has a varied and interesting bird life. Hundred species of the fly over its skies, 23 are native. However, the greatest wealth of the islands animals is under water. The masses protected lagoons and coral coasts endless fish species host of wonderful colors and the most fantastic forms with evocative names like soldier fish, surgeon fish, lizard fish and trumpet fish, among many others.
According to archaeological evidence, the Fiji Islands were settled in three different waves of migration: the first took place in the seventeenth century BC, the second between the years 400 and 100. C., and the last between the X and XIX centuries.
The name comes from the name of Fiji Tongan islands, whose population has been modeled by Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians some. The name the natives gave Fiji Viti was.
The Lapita people were the first to settle in Fiji, and people all over the back, relying on subsistence fishing. It was assumed that the Lapita arrived coming from Vanuatu or the Solomon Eastern.
In the tenth century AD, people of Samoa and Tonga arrived from the east, providing high caliber wars and more organized. More tonganos arrived in the eighteenth, making villagers take refuge again in fortifications. Although there were long periods of peace, Viti suffered an intense crisis when the Europeans arrived. At the beginning of XIX, the friction between the local tribes had the islands to the brink of civil war. This made him think that the first colonizers of the islands were in a constant state of war.
The Dutchman Abel Tasmam was the first European to report the sighting in 1643 of some of these islands. Managed to avoid the dangerous reefs northwest of Vanua Lavu and Tavenui, but his description of the system of reefs remained far western sailors for 130 years.
In 1774, Captain Cook arrived in the small island of Vatoa, south of the Lau group. His description of the natives as fierce warriors and cannibals meant that for years no one dared to approach the area.
The main islands were sighted in 1789 by William Bligh during his historic journey from Tonga to Timor. He did not stay long on the island due to the hostile reception from the natives, but returned in 1792 to carry out an exploration of the archipelago. In 1830 he settled in Levua, Ovalau, small settlement of whalers and escaped prisoners of Australia. Foreigners married native women and Levuka became one of the best ports in the South Pacific for merchants and warships.
In 1846, John Brown Williams was named North American commercial agent in the islands, and the British, fearful that the French or the Americans tried to attach the archipelago, WTPritchard sent to Levuka as consul in 1858. The Fiji had become at that time an important place in business, and the native chiefs signed constant alliances with American, French, German or English, depending on the needs of each moment. The main native chief, Cakobau, dominated almost the entire territory, but was not able to maintain internal peace. Faced with the danger of accession by any power due to the instability of the international season, Cakobau decided to hear the call of the British consul Thurston, in favor of the union to the British crown.
Fiji was proclaimed a British colony on October 10, 1874 in Levuka. The Governor of New South Wales was named interim governor of the new province, and was replaced later.
To be sure, the traditional support of local chiefs, Gordon introduced an administrative system that incorporated the existing hierarchy in Fijian society. Christianity imposed by missionaries also served as an element of social integration and control and protection of the capitalist system that began to deploy.
Until 1904, the Legislative Council had been composed entirely by Europeans chosen by the governor, by which the Constitution had to be modified to include six European and two Fijians chosen by the Great Council of Chiefs. In 1916 the Governor decided to appoint a member hindu (thousands of Hindus had come to Fiji in previous decades to serve as cheap labor) would have to wait until 1929 to be elected for the first time for the government of the colony, after a decade of intense struggle for the improvement of living conditions.
Fiji remained isolated from World War I because of the distance from field operations, but the conflict in the Pacific during World War II involved the same Fijians, who fought against the Japanese in the Solomon between 1942 and 1943. After the war, Fiji became more exposed to the West, especially New Zealand.
The sixties were the decade of ministerial formation of governments, obtaining the right to vote for women, the establishment of political parties and constitutional changes aimed at promoting self-government.
Fiji gained independence on October 10, 1970, after 96 years of colonial rule. The 1970 constitution followed the British model of two chambers, a senate composed of native chiefs and a House of Representatives.
In April 1987, the election defeat of the Alliance Party in a coalition accused of being dominated by Hindus, ignited racial tensions. After a month, Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka headed a bloodless coup, proclaiming himself head of the council of ministers, supported by the Great Council of Chiefs Fijians. After abolishing the 1970 constitution and numerous civil rights, Rabuka was elected president.
These circumstances abismaram the country in a very unstable political, social and racial, besides causing a deep economic crisis. In July 1990 a new constitution was adopted which favored the intereses primarily ethnic Fijian native, causing total breakdown of Hindu groups and their leaders.
After successive constitutional reforms today are still on the discusões representation that each group wants to have the government of the islands.
FIJI - ART AND CULTURE
Some milestones in the company of Viti primitive inhabitants have survived the repression of missionaries and Western governments and mutant forms of life on the islands. Thus, most of the native Fijians living in villages in mataqui (large family groups) cultivating their own land and under the command of a chief, usually male, whose office is hereditary. The different clans gather for births, weddings, funerals and other celebrations where gifts are exchanged.
Grant to each family a plot of land, but there are some communal obligations to be made, as the harvest to the clan chief and build and maintain in good condition the buildings of the community. Life in the village is based on inter-dependence, so there is great mutual support to create a strong sense of group identity.
Despite traditionalism, social and cultural differences observed in the past are rapidly disappearing. The villages are no longer so self-sufficient, and every day they are younger to migrate to cities in search of education or employment. The traditions and values of the larger cities are less respected, where family connections lose strength and force young Fijians adapt quickly to new ways of life.
On all occasions, as can be the welcome ceremony of a chief or a new employee, the islanders offer a whale tooth in the kava ceremony, to which men can only watch.
There are four types of cuisine in Fiji: a local or Fijian, European, Chinese and Indian. The local cuisine is similar to that of the rest of the Pacific region: the dishes are prepared from fish, shellfish, breadfruit, taro (dalo), cassava (tavioka), beef, rice, chicken, coconut juice (lolo), tropical fruit (guava, pineapple, mango) and various leafy greens such as taro (roro) or a fetus.
Any food Fijian should include meat or fish, taro leaves rociadas boiled with coconut cream and boiled as cassavas trim.
The Indian food tends to be heavily seasoned, and a typical food of this kind consists of beef curry with rice, lentil soup and roti (a type of bread). Chinese dishes are usually scrambled meat and vegetable fried rice and some curry dishes ardent.
The Fijians eat in their homes with their hands and sitting on the floor. If a visitor is invited to eat, will offer abundant, although the family is poor. In reciprocity, the visitor should take some food purchased at stores in the village. We often find in some restaurants vonu (turtle meat). This is forbidden because endanger several species, and should always reject it.
One can find numerous brands of bottled water imported and local, which is always recommended because no one should ever drink from the tap. The fruit juices are excellent and cool green coconut water is tremendously refreshing. Another place is the soft drink made with banana juice.
Among the local drinks, the most popular is beer (British heritage), may be bitter or redhead. Rum is also produced acceptable quality.
The traditional drink is the yaqona, integral part of Fijian social life.
The local handicraft is varied and offers good opportunities to bring attractive souvenirs back home. The classic pieces of Fijian handicrafts are the sticks of war, forks, boles of yaqona, shells, sandalwood, coconut soap, carved pieces in coral tissues and slap-shaped postcards or posters. There are also very good pieces of pottery. You should avoid buying or similar instruments Carei extracted turtle because their trade is prohibited.
How typical fabric advised to acquire Sulu, a rectangular screen 2 feet wide, a kind of very colorful pareo. In Hindu crafts can get colorful saris (tunics for women) and jewelry.
Fiji has a population of approximately 770,000 inhabitants, according to the census of 1993. The most populated island, Viti Levu, receives 75% of the total population. 39% of Fijians live in urban areas, and the most densely populated cities are Suva, Nadi, Lautoka and areas of Rewa and Ba sugar.
The mixture of races in Fiji is the most marked of all Polynesia, to the point of not having a clear national identity in the country. Today the indigenous Fijians represent 50% of the population, and Hindus 45%, dividing the remaining 5% from other ethnic groups. Hindus form a significant group of cultural and racial Fiji, and are descendants of emigrants in the nineteenth century chose to stay after their work contracts lose their validity. TO from 1916 were no longer admitted foreign workers in plantations. Previously, the natives refused to perform this type of work. Nowadays many of these Indians cultivate sugar cane or rice on land leased to the Fijians, the other main occupation is trade, which has come to thrive remarkably.
ENTERTAINMENT AND FESTIVALS
In Fiji you can do almost everything, especially about sports, from diving, surfing, windsurfing or snorkelling and spearfishing. For those who have concerns anthropological exists the possibility to visit the villages and try to know more anscestrais deeper inhabitants, remembering that the majority of the population speaks English.
In contact with nature there are also great opportunities for the practice of hiking and climbing. Excursions are organized into mountain bikes and ground vehicles. In nature reserves, and dark woods wild, can contemplate multitudes of species of tropical birds that nest in them.
For those who enjoy the sporting events in Fiji rugby can see, and criket game. On the other hand, there are first class facilities for golf and tennis.
In major cities you can also find a lively nightlife, with plenty of live music and local folk performances.
Fiji has many celebrations and festivals throughout the great colorful year round. The celebrations of regional character must be added the celebrations of the Chinese and Indian populations.
Among the most important festivals is the festival of Diwali (October or November), celebrated by Hindus, but with the participation of all inhabitants of the islands. Other important religious events are Christmas and Easter. They emphasize also the Hibiscus Festival, the biggest carnival of Fiji (una long weekend in August), the Sugar Festival in Lautoka City (September) and the Bula Festival in Nadi town (July).
The official holidays are: New Year January 1, 16 to April 19 Easter, June 14 Queen's Birthday, May 31 Ratu Sukuna Day, July 26, Constitution Day, October 11 Fiji Day, 30 August Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad, Nov. 15 Birthday of Prince Charles, December 25 Christmas and Boxing Day December 26
Fiji is well connected by air. The companies in the area as Air Pacific, Air New Zealand, Qantas or Canadiam Airlines operate flights to various destinations from the Nadi International Airport. Nausori International Airport, 23 km to the northeast of Suva, operate Tongam Royal Airlines, Air and Air Marshall ilands Naru.
As for domestic flights, Fiji is very well served with frequent flights between reliable and numerous points of the archipelago. The top three lines are Air Fiji, Vanua Sunflower Airlines and Air Charters.
You can arrive by boat to Fiji, especially in yacht cruises or organized. There are regular ferry services between Viti Levu, Vanua Levu and Taveuni, Ovalau and between Viti Levu and Viti Levu and Kadavu between. Ships pasajeros accept both as vehicles, equipped with snack bars and go where you can drink and eat soft foods.
The only passenger train on Fiji's Coral Coast, Viti Levu, which covers the route between Fiji Resort and Natadola Beach.
Move in Fiji is very economical, especially in the villages of Viti, Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni u Ovalau, with open bus without air conditioning. For longer distances, it should address those who have air conditioning.
Major car rental companies are present in Fiji. Addresses to the left and you must have a driver's license, whether international or national. The maximum speed in urban areas is 50 km. per hour and 80 km. per hour on the highways.
Given the steep bike most roads do not often use the motorcycle, but the bike, especially for trips to the interior of the islands. You can carry on ferries without problems, and so the same bike used to go all the islands. There are several rental companies.
In Fiji Taxi cabs abound, all metered. However, for larger distances it should match the price before starting the journey.
Inciaremos our tour of the island of Viti Levu (the largest), in the towns of Suva, Nadi and Lautoka. It will travel to the islands of Vanua Levu and Vatulele, then continue to the islands that form the Group Lomaviti. Our journey ends in the beautiful Yasawa Group of islands.
Island of Viti Levu
Viti Levu (Great Fiji) is the largest, oldest and most populated of the islands. Its oval covers 10,400 kilometers square, with a maximum length of 146 km and a width of 106.75% of the population of Fiji live here, because the island is the political and administrative center of the country.
The capital of Fiji is one of the most important in the South Pacific and a major referral center in the region: it is the University of the South Pacific and many foreign embassies. In Suva and its environs live some 150,000 people, representing more than half of the urban population of Fiji. It is a multi-racial and multi-cultural, and abound churches, mosques and temples.
Suva has magnificent scenery, and across the bay to watch the mountains around. Houses a unique architecture, blending the past with colonial mansions and gardens and indigenous constructs.
Victory Parade is the largest street of Suva, and it align shops, banks, nightclubs and significant colonial buildings such as the Hotel Grand Pacific and the former Governor's House, where she lives currently the President of the country. Next are the Botanic Gardens and Clock Tower Gardens Thurston, the British botanist who introduced numerous species in the region. In the land of gardens you can visit the Fiji Museum, which contains a fabulous collection of instruments rituals of the native Fijians and a complete show of the various influences of the cultures that at one time or another in history arrived on the island.
At the end of Victoria Parade is malecão the harbor, from where one can see the mountains, among which highlights the thumb Joske. At the harbor tour arrives at the Suva Municipal Market, where he sells up all kinds of fruits, vegetables and spices in the middle of an authentic mixture of races. This is a good place to get a traditional Kava.
In Cumming Street is building the Morris Hedstrom (1918), the typical Venetian facade. Just down the street, the Catholic Church, the beginning of the century. Very close are also emblematic buildings of Fiji International Communications and the former Municipality of Victorian architecture.
The best shows of the fusion of western architecture and is the Fijian Parliament Complex in Battery Road.
From the capital, there are numerous options to make paths around, ensuring the fun and wonder of magnificent landscapes.
Another of the island's major cities and most frequented by the international airport is Nadi. Most inhabitants are Hindu, which converts it into an important religious center.
The city thrives on tourism and almost, but not contains many attractions, is a good base to organize trips around the island. The main street is full of tax-free shops and souvenir shops.
Just down the street is the main attraction of Nadi, Sri Siva Temple Subramanyia Swami, a Hindu religious center of worship dedicated to Lord Murugan. The artists who built and the materials used were all brought from India, as also the high priest who made the inauguration in 1994. It is a monument filled with colorful works of art, with an incomparable mountains in the back.
Another point of interest is Waqadra Garden, botanical garden surrounded by bamboo trees, hibiscus, orchids and trees anacardos and teak.
Lautoka is the second most important city of Fiji, with a population of 40,000 inhabitants. It is the exit point for many cruises to other islands in the group. Located 24 kilometers from Nadi International Airport, tourism is an important part of its economy, though remains a city eminently sugar, lying in it some of the main sugar factories in the southern hemisphere. In fact, one of the biggest attractions of the city is the sugar factory of Fiji Sugar Corporation during the harvest season. Must call to schedule a visit to 60,800.
The 10 km inland, the Abaca Cultural and Recreational Park is a magnificent option for ecotourism because it offers imexoráveis facilities in the middle of a spectacular nature for hiking, mountaineering and archeology.
Wanting to enjoy the beach, Saweni Beach is the best stretch of sand between Nadi and Lautoka, very popular among regional and ideal for spending a weekend in one of his many apartments and campsites. On the way to this beach is South Sea Orchids, owned by the descendants of the interpreter of the treaty of cession of the islands to the crown, and contains beautiful gardens and a magnificent collection of orchids.
Vuda Point is the peninsula between Nadi and Lautoka, and has a great historical value, since it seems that this is where the first Melanesians arrived.
Island of Vanua Levu
Vanua Levu ("Great Land") is the second largest island in population and the second also. Has half the length of Viti Levu, and is less developed, with the exception of Savusavu area, although due to the closeness to the larger island attracts more tourists every day. The island is volcanic and has few beaches, but offers great opportunities for snorkeling and diving, ornithological observation and kayak tours. The natives are unaccustomed to tourism, so no one can make trips to the steep interior without the permission of landowners. There are interesting archaeological sites near Savusavu and Wasavula.
Savusavu is the second largest urban settlement of Vanua Levu (about 2,000 inhabitants), and is situated on the peninsula that divides his stall Koro Sea. The town has a main street that runs parallel to the coast, a market and a port. Across the bay extends a chain of hills from which to enjoy spectacular sunsets.
The Tunuloa Peninsula lies to the southeast of the island, and is a good area for bird watching, hiking or exploring stations to natural terrain vehicles. It is recommended especially the Hibiscus Highway, a road of sand and stones from where they can observe incredible wildlife and seascapes. The road ends in the charming bay of Buca. Southeast of Buca in Dakuniba, can contemplate inscriptions on stones with ancient origins.
Labasa, Vanua Levu's north-west, is the largest city on the island. It was an important center of sugar, and still retains architectural footprints of past splendor. It is an important administrative center, and its population is mostly of Hindu origin. The two kilometers south of the city is the place of ceremonial Wasavula, a religious building of great archaeological interest. The one kilometer and a half to the east of the Hot Springs Waiquele are characteristic signs of volcanic origin of the island.
Vatulele is 32 kilometers south coast of Viti Levu, in the height of Korolevu, west of Beqa Lagoon. It has 13 kilometers of length and area of 31 square kilometers. The island has four settlements totaling only 1,000 inhabitants, plus an exclusive resort. The island is known for its archaeological sites. An impressive barrier reef three miles of longitude forms a paradise lagoon turquoise waters off the coast.
The group of Lomaiviti, east of Viti Levu, is also known as the Central Group. It has seven main islands and many small. Ovalau is the foremost of all, and south of it are Motoriki, and Caquelai Leluvia. Gau is the southernmost and is eminently volcanic; Nairai Batiki and are surrounded by coral reefs; Magokai, northeast of Levuka, is a former leper colony, and Wakaya and Koro are starting to promote themselves turisticamente.
The volcanic landscape of Ovalau and historical value of the capital, Levuka, definitely do it valedora a leisurely visit.
Levuka is the center agri-cultural, educational and administrative group Lomaiviti and other parts of the Eastern Division of Fiji. Despite this and being one of the ports of entry to the country, only 3,000 people live in the city and around. Its harbor is protected by a magnificent coral reef barrier.
Levuka walk can be known, and the most appropriate place to start is the Cessiom Site, where he signed up the transfer of the islands to Britain. It is surrounded by a fence and there is three large stones with plaques commemorating the signing. Another way to attract the curiosity of visitors is the Pacific Fishing Company (PAFCO), which employs nearly 30% of the population of Levuka, and where they are processed and canned, per year, 15,000 tons of tuna from all over Fiji and other Pacific islands South More than 30 different brands come out of this factory.
Along Beach Street can contemplate the finest examples of Victorian architecture from the golden age of the city. Stand between these buildings from the old premises of Morris Hedstrom, a police station and Ovalau Club.
The Museum and Library Levuka have a curious collection of objects and native Europeans who enact the city's history until today. Among the religious buildings there that fail to see the Church of the Sacred Heart (1858) or the College and Marist Convent (1891) founded by French Marist coming from Australia.
The Methodist Church of Navoka (1860) is one of the oldest of Fiji, just as the Royal Hotel (1864), with its wooden structure complete with stone and coral. For the traveler physically fit is highly recommended climb the 199 steps of Mission Hill, from where it is contemplated a magnificent view of the city and surroundings.
The main tour will be held from Levuka through the jungle of an extinct volcano and the town of Lovoni. In the middle of the island of Ovalau, Lovoni is seated on the same volcano crater. It has accommodation for tourists, and it only comes up on excursions from Levuka. Besides the landscape should see the Chief's Burial Site Korolevu and Fortification Hill, shows the brave Clan Lovoni past, the only Fiji has ever been defeated by the Warriors Cakobau.
The 17 km of Levuka, opposite the island of Naigani, you can enjoy Rukuruku, a volcanic black sand beach very quiet.
Also within the group of Lomaiviti, Wakaya is a beautiful island of 880 hectares, owned by David and Jill Gilmour. It is located approximately 20 km east of Ovalau, being visible from Levuka. It has forests, cliffs, beautiful white sand beaches and places of archaeological importance and, above all, the many mansions of millionaires with their corresponding navy.
You can reach the island in small plane from Nadi International Airport or 20 minutes and journey by speed boat from Levuka.
OTHER ISLANDS Lomaiviti
Other islands in the group are Lomaiviti Yanuca Lailai (Lost Island), where you can practice snorkeling; Moturiki, Caqelai, owned by the Methodist Church of Fiji and the magnificent beaches of fine sand and friendly atmosphere and relaxed; Leluvia is a small and beautiful coral island that is slowly being packaged for tourism organized.
Naigani The island, also known as the Mystery Island is a beautiful mountainous formation in mid-way between Ovalau and Viti Levu. There are 220 acres of magnificent beaches, lagoons and reef coralífero a stupendous.
Namenalala is a volcanic island of 44 hectares 25 km southeast coast of Vanua Levu, the barrier of coral Namena. The island is also an ideal booking for ornithological observation and trekking. Green turtles lay their eggs on beaches between the months of November and March.
GROUP Yasawa Islands
The Yasawa Group is a chain of 20 volcanic islands extending up to nearly 90 km in a straight line at the Great Sea Reef. The islands further south begin 40 km north-west of Viti Levu. Of the 17 islands of the group's top six. They have spectacular beaches of fine white sand, clear water lakes and wild mountainous relief, it makes them one of the top tourist destinations in the archipelago.
The island of Wayasewa, also known as Wayalailai (Little Waya), is the southernmost main island. It has an important coral formation in the back, as well as magnificent beaches.
Waya has beautiful wild hills, beaches and lagoons. There it four villages and indigenous various resorts.
Tavewa The island has no indigenous population, only three budget hotels, ideal for backpackers, though the times should be somewhat commoditized, and a dive station.
Sawa-I-Lau is a small island of rock rubble whose main attraction are the caves flooded with crystal clear water where you can swim and enjoy the enigmatic paintings and inscriptions on the walls.
Nanuya Levu, also known as "Turtle Ilhand" is an island of private property of 200 hectares. It has protected sandy beaches, a beautiful blue lagoon and craggy volcanic rocks.
Yasawa is the northernmost of the islands, and there are four small settlements and a luxury hotel.
Pack your bags for we shall meet THERE
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Official name: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Capital: Basseterre in St. Kitts
Population Growth Rate: 0.5%
Life expectancy: 66 (h), 71 (m)
Literacy rates (adults): 97.3%
Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar
Good land for agriculture
Cultivation of sugar cane by French and British.
Territory of Great Britain in 1783
Independent in 1985
Production and processing of sugar, vegetables, cotton and livestock
Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state composed of two islands in the Caribbean Sea, part of the Leeward Islands-Vent (Leeward Islands) St. Kitts (first name and official name now, which replaced that, given the first, St. Kitts or St. Kitts) , the largest and Nevis, located in the southeast of the former, which separates an inlet called the Narrows.
The island of St. Kitts has an area of 168 km ² and a length of 36 km. Its width, which is 10 miles north narrows towards the southeast of Basseterre (Basseterre), the capital, to become a tongue of land, which extends back enough to contain a circular lake. Of volcanic origin, the island culminating in Mount Liamuiga, ANC. Mount Misery (1156 m), an extinct volcano that still has sulfur fumaroles and hot springs. The circumference of the island offers no natural harbors; hurricanes are dry, frequent and prolonged frequent flooding during the rainy season, which gives a height of 1,292 m annual (30 years of observations). The average temperature is 30 ° to 27 ° in August and February.
Nevis Island is a volcanic land of 93 square kilometers, which culminates in Nevis Peak (1,096 m high), well watered and wooded, three anchorages.
The main town is Charlestown, on the west coast.
The history of St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. It was occupied by the British in 1623 by the French in 1625 and taken over by the Spanish in 1629.
The Treaty of Utrecht gave the UK which remained until independence, except for a few months in 1782, when it was occupied by the French.
Nevis, however, was discovered by Columbus in 1498. Occupied in 1628 by the British, who did a great slave market long.
She then trained with St. Christopher (St. Kitts) and Anguilla district of the colony of the Leeward Islands (Leeward Islands).
These islands, in 1967, became an Associated State of the UK enjoying internal autonomy. Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971.
St. Kitts and Nevis gained its independence on 19 September 1983.
In 1998, a referendum was held in Nevis on the possible separation of Saint Christopher, but the two-thirds majority needed for this separation is accepted not been reached. The debate about the separation between the two islands is the order of the day.
Sugar was once the center of the economy of St. Kitts until 1970. The government closed the sugar industry after the 2005 harvest, after decades of losses by the sugar company managed by the state. In return, the government started a program to diversify the agricultural sector and is used to stimulate other sectors of the economy. Activities such as tourism, manufacturing for export and offshore banking has already acquired a large role in the economy of St. Kitts and Nevis.
State of the Lesser Antilles, Saint Kitts and Nevis are located northwest of Guadalupe.
Member of the Commonwealth, Saint Kitts and Nevis is a federal state composed of two states: the island of St. Kitts, on the one hand and Nevis, on the other hand.
Hilly and wooded, the two volcanic islands of St. Kitts (176 km 2) and Nevis (93 km 2) enjoy a hot and humid tropical climate, but are exposed to the destructive effects of hurricanes. The current population is composed mainly by descendants of African slaves. It is marked by the weight of the young (28% are under 15) and is concentrated in the capital, Basseterre. The natural increase of about 1% per year, is moderated by emigration.
The islands' economy depends mainly on agriculture, which employs 29% of the workforce is the production of sugar for export page. Light industry (assembly of components, textiles) and tourism registered strong growth, particularly in Nevis. These two sectors contribute to reduce the country's excessive dependence vis-à-vis the production of sugar.
Colonized by the British in 1623, but shared with the French in 1625, the island became British with the Treaty of Versailles (1783). Starting in 1967, is (Neves), an "associated state" with the United Kingdom. The islands of St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence September 19, 1983.
The policy since independence is dominated by a coalition of the Popular Action Movement (PAM) and the Nevis Reformation Party (NRP). However, rocked by scandals, this coalition was defeated in the 1995 election, won by St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (SKLNP) Denzil Douglas Kennedy Simmonds replaced as prime minister. He holds the reins from his victories in the general elections of 2000, 2004 and 2010.
Federation between the two islands is threatened by separatist Nevis temptations. Secession is a process initiated in 1996, despite opposition from St. Kitts. She was arrested by lack of support from most Nevisians. Since the closure in 2005 of the national sugar factory, now heavily in deficit, the federation is looking for outside help to reorient its economy, particularly with the European Union and Taiwan, with whom n 'has not broken unlike Most countries in the region. Saint Kitts and Nevis is a member of the Community (and Common Market) of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), since 1974, its domestic market since 2006 and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) since 1981.
St. Kitts and Nevis, like no other islands in the Caribbean, seem to embody a kind of lush tropical paradise usually associated with the South Pacific. The atmosphere here is palpably luxuriant, an intoxicating blend of sunlight, air, sea and fantastically abundant vegetation.
In the center of St. Kitts stands the spectacular, cloud fringed peak of Mount Liamuiga (pronounced Lee-a-mweega), a dormant volcano covered by dense tropical forest.
And on Nevis, too, the ground rises in a forest filled with elusive green monkeys and brilliant tropical flowers.
For ecotourists, or simply anyone who enjoys stunning natural beauty, St. Kitts and Nevis can not fail to exceed expectations.
And yet nature is only a small part of the wonder of these small, relatively unknown destinations.
Long ago, St. Kitts and Nevis were the pearls of the British Caribbean, rich and extremely important islands that were celebrated throughout Europe.
Nevis, the "Queen of Caribbees" possessed unimaginable wealth from its sugar industry super-productive, while in St. Kitts the impregnable fortress of Brimstone Hill as the Gibraltar of the West Indies.
In this venerable history is plenty of romance as well, because it was on Nevis that the dashing young Horatio Nelson met, courted, and married Fanny Nisbet, all files. While watching the whirling social life of the island properties prosperous plantation.
Today, these islands are estimated more for its long stretches of sugary sand than for their sugar cane.
Basseterre and Charlestown, capital of the islands, are among the most captivating and picturesque colonial towns Caribbean port. The law here holds that no building here may be taller than the palm trees around, and in both St. Kitts and Nevis natural preservation is a fundamental value.
Activities include excellent hiking through rain forests of the islands, golfing on internationally ranked golf courses, fishing, boating and diving or snorkeling through underwater reefs and unexplored wrecks.
There is also a wealth of exceptional historical points of interest, including restored fortresses, haunted plantations, and ancient petroglyphs.
In the midst of all these attractions are many of the best and most welcoming hostels plantations in the Caribbean.
Still largely undiscovered, despite its extraordinary beauty, its remarkable history and its incomparable charm, St. Kitts and Nevis offer a rare opportunity to visit the "Secret Caribbean."
Basseterre, the irresistible scenery of Emerald St. Kitts' green hills and punctuated by elegant Georgian architecture, is one of the best small capital of the Caribbean.
Old Road Bay
It was here at Old Road Bay that Sir Thomas Warner, along with his family and 14 others, began the first permanent European settlement in the Leeward Islands. The settlers were initially on good terms with the inhabitants of the island Carib, though such friendship lasted only a few years. Instead of cultivating sugar, tobacco was what had drawn Warner to the island, and the island was cut tobacco that supported the first settlement.
The Warner family estate served as the capital of Saint Kitts until 1727, when he was transferred to Basseterre. Outside the old road bays are found a number of interesting Carib petroglyphs.
This second largest city of St. Kitts' occupies the same place in which Thomas Warner and his small party landed in 1623.
During the 17th century Sandy Point was the center of trade of the island of tobacco, and among the most fascinating sites Sandy Point are the large tobacco warehouses built during that time by the Dutch East India Company.
Frigate Bay Peninsula
Frigate Bay Peninsula extends like the neck of a wine bottle facing upward, connecting the main body of St. Kitts with the extended tip of the bottle mouth Peninsula Southeast. One side of the neck - the dramatic windward beach in North Frigate Bay, is dramatically beaten by the Atlantic surf.
On the leeward side, the beach meets the calm waters of the Caribbean Frigate Bay.
Wingfield Estate and Petroglyphs
For hundreds of years before European explorers arrived in the Caribbean, the island community Carib lived in this beautiful site. Three years after the first European settlers arrived, the Caribs were annihilated at Bloody Point. At the edge of the property, standing as mute witness to the island of ancient pre-Columbian history, is a set of large stones petroglyphic strongly marked with symbols and human figures. Liamuiga, or "fertile land" was the Carib name for the island in 1980, this name was given to the central mountain St. Kitts, lush, 3792-foot volcanic peak known during the colonial period, as Mount Misery.
Peninsula in Southeast narrow strip of Frigate Bay Peninsula extends a plain, large undulating containing some of the island's most stunning natural features. There are nine lakes and unspoiled beaches here, like the eye - popping pink salt pond - their color comes from its myriad shrimp krill, tiny. This protected wilderness area is also abundantly populated by tropical birds, as well as white-tailed deer and black-faced vervet monkeys.
St. Thomas Church
In the yard of the modest church is the tomb of Sir Thomas Warner, the leading figure in the colonial history of the island. The memorial itself is a fascinating object, filled with a finely engraved Elizabethan epitaph for the 'much lamented gent. Warner, who won his knighthood as a colonizer of St. Kitts and a number of other islands, died in 1648. St. Thomas is located in Middle Island, which followed after the establishment of plantations of the island as the first European settlement of St. Kitts.
A city with a colorful history, Charlestown was built in an area that could be protected by Fort Charles and Fort Black Rocks.
It was the birthplace of Alexander Hamilton, whose family home was meticulously reconstructed as a museum.
The original, built in 1680, was destroyed during an earthquake in 1840. Most of the stone houses of the 18th century were destroyed during the earthquake relatively common 1800s, which led to the practice of building wooden upper floors on a stone floor.
Charlestown is also the site of the oldest synagogue in the Caribbean. During the decade of 1700, 25% of the population were Sephardic Jews, who brought the last of cane sugar growing and processing techniques Nevis and Leeward Islands, after being expelled from Brazil during the 17th century.
Charlestown Place Market is the center of activity on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday mornings, eao end cotton by Ginnery, is active during the time of cotton harvest (March and April).
Its French name means simply "plain", a description that should have been scratched on a French graphic Sea sometime during the late 1620s.
In the 375 years that followed, there were many Basseterres by earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, fires and invasions were all swept this modest community. Set before the dramatic backdrop of lush St. Kitts' green hills, Basseterre today retains much of the character elegant Georgian day Nelson.
The Treasury Building
The domed colonial building that sits on the river bank is a reminder of the value of these islands as sugar colonies. It is the building of the Treasury, or customs, and through its arches went virtually everything that arrived or departed from St. Kitts, including until recently all visitors.
Today Basseterre French heritage is not as important as its British colonial past. The centerpiece of the city's Georgian architecture evocative is his Circus, a diminutive roundabout modeled on Victorian patriotism after proper Piccadilly, London. In the middle of the Circus is the bronze glossy green Berkeley Memorial Clock, an ornate, cast iron tower with four clock faces and more than a little architectural decoration.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Bahrain was part of the ancient civilization of Dilmun and served as an important link in trade routes between Sumeria and the Indus Valley, while 5,000 years ago.
Since the late 18th century, Bahrain has been ruled by the Al Khalifa family, which created close ties with Britain by signing the General Treaty of Peace in 1820.
A binding treaty of protection, known as the Perpetual Truce of Peace and Friendship, was completed in 1861 and subsequently revised in 1892 and 1951.
This treaty was similar to that assumed by the British Government with the other Persian Gulf principalities.
He specified that the ruler could not dispose of any of his territory except to the United Kingdom and could not enter into relationships with any foreign government other than the United Kingdom without British consent.
The British promised to protect Bahrain from all aggression by sea and to provide support in case of ground attack.
After World War II, Bahrain became the center of British administration of treaty obligations at the bottom of the Persian Gulf.
In 1968, when the British government announced its decision (reaffirmed in March 1971) to end the treaty relationships with the Gulf emirates, Bahrain joined the other eight states (Qatar and the seven Trucial Sheikhdoms which are now called the United Arab Emirates) under British protection in an effort to form a union of Arab emirates.
By mid-1971, however, the nine sheikhdoms had not agree in terms of unity.
Accordingly, Bahrain sought independence as a separate entity and became fully independent on August 15, 1971, as the State of Bahrain.
It is the capital of the small island of Bahrain.
Among the most interesting places we recommend you visit a large white building that houses the National Museum, the Friday Mosque, built in the early century.
It is famous for its mosaics full of colors; Bab al-Bahrain was built by the British in 1945 to house the offices of the government.
Today it houses the tourist office; Beit al-Qur'am is home to the Quran, which holds a huge collection of manuscripts and Alcorães wooden sculptures, among other things, as well as an interesting exhibition of Islamic calligraphy.
The traditional culture of Bahrain shows up at the Heritage Centre, through photographs and exhibition of traditional costumes, beads and fishing, traditional musical instruments, etc..
Financial Harbour Manama
The economy of Manama is diversified and is now a finance center.
There are also oil companies.
Some traditional activities still exist, such as fishing and diving behind the pearls.
Manama is the commercial center of Bahrain, home of the most popular malls.
Currently, many working in Manama live in satellite towns a few miles away.
She is also a very popular recreation center for the Saudis, with alcohol legal in Bahrain, Manama has several bars and nightclubs as well as beach clubs.
In Manama see many significant skyscrapers being built, completely changing the city skyline.
Much of the new Manama is built on reclaimed land, allowing traditional city, in part, to survive.
Among the attractions is the Friday Mosque, with its colorful minaret, built in 1938 from oil revenues.
The transport network of Manama is currently undergoing an extensive update.
Manama is itself the Bahraini communications center, directly connected to the road to Saudi Arabia and the Bahrain International Airport conveniently 7 km to the north.
The University of Bahrain was established in 1986 and has most of his faculties in Manama.
3rd millennium BC: Manama roughly corresponds with Dilmun.
7th century AD: Locals are forced to convert to Islam.
899: Becomes part of the state Qarmatian, who defied Saudi Islamic structures at the time.
1077: The state Qarmatian loses its control over the Al-Hasa in Arabia, Bahrain and only stays under your control.
1521: Becomes a Portuguese port.
1602: Conquered by the Persians.
1783: The Al Khalifa tribe takes control of Manama, the capital, but its domain is Muharram.
1923: becomes Bahraini capital Manama.
1958: Manama is declared a free port.
1971: Bahrain won its independence with its capital Manama.
Saint Vincent and Grenadines
The name "Saint Vincent" was given by Columbus in his discovery of the island on January 22, 1498, in honor of Saint Vincent of Saragossa, a Spanish saint.
The name "Grenadines" derives from the Spanish for "pomegranate" (in reference to the distribution of the smaller islands, pomegranate fruits do not grow on the islands).
Official name: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines).
National Day: October 27 (Independence).
Main city: Kingstown (16,132) (1996).
Language: English (official).
Religion: Christian 67.7% (Protestant 57%, Roman Catholic 10.7%), and other unaffiliated 32.3% (1995).
Location: east of Central America, the Caribbean Sea.
Area: 389 km2.
Presumably visited by Columbus in 1498, St. Vincent remained unsettled by Europeans until a British settlement was made in 1762.
The French were captured in 1779, but was returned to Britain in 1783. The attempts to oppress the native Caribs and Black Caribs (Garifuna or people of mixed Caribbean and African descent) failed for many years, but the British deported most of them in 1797. Portuguese and Asian Indian workers were introduced in the 19th century, after the emancipation of African slaves.
St. Vincent was part of the British colony of the Windward Island (1880-1958) and the Federation of the West Indies (1958-1962).
In 1979, gained full independence. The islands were ruled by the centrist New Democrat Party of Prime Ministers James Mitchell Arnhim Eustace and 1984-2001, when the center-left Labour Party Kingdom (ULP) led by Ralph Gonsalves, won control of parliament in March elections. Gonsalves and the ULP was returned to office in December 2005.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the island nation in the Caribbean, in the Windward Islands. It comprises the island of São Vicente (140 m² mi/363 km ²) and about two-thirds of the small Grenadine islands to the south. The capital is Kingstown.
St. Vincent is a mountainous island, rising to 4,048 feet (1,234 m) in Soufriere volcano, which erupted in 1902 and 1979, causing considerable damage to the island. People are mostly descendants of Africans who were brought as slaves during the colonial period, there are also European, Asian Indian, and Caribbean.
English is the predominant language and a dialect is also spoken French.
The main religions are: Anglicanism, Methodism, and Roman Catholicism.
The climate is well suited for agriculture, which is an important part of the economy of St. Vincent. Bananas, taro, and arrowroot are the main agricultural exports. There are small-scale industry and banks. Tourism is also important economically. The main trading partners are the United States and France.
The country is a parliamentary democracy, is governed by the Constitution of 1979. The unicameral legislature, the House of Assembly has 15 elected members and six appointed members serve five-year terms. The government is headed by the prime minister. The monarch of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, represented by a governor-general, is the head of state. Administratively, the country is divided into six parishes.
The Ciboney, the first people to found St. Vincent and the Grenadines, arrived in small boats in South America The Ciboney settled in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines long before the existence of the first pharaohs and the Arawaks arrived, bringing people peaceful methods of cultures primitive and talents of fishermen. Shortly before the discovery of the Caribbean by Europeans landed Caribbean nation of St. Vincent and pushed the Arawaks northern Caribbean.
January 22, 1498, the Sao Vicente island was discovered by Christopher Columbus. (It owes its name to St. Vincent, which is celebrated on this day). The island was inhabited by Caribbean - Dominica with - the lair of the largest indigenous population. It is for this reason that neither the French colonists and the colonists could not settle there. Vincent was the starting point for raids against Caribbean European islands, neighboring institutions and, therefore, these people had to endure such punitive expeditions sent against them Du Parquet in 1654, after the murder of two young missionaries and French.
In 1660, the Caribbean saw confirmation of their rights on the island, after a general understanding with English and French. As a concession was granted by Carlos I, King of England, the Earl of Carlisle, she remained a dead letter, and the treaty by which they recognize themselves as subjects of the King of England.
But the Caribbean, who had been expelled from Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Lucia and Marie-Galante, Saint Vincent fled in large numbers. Negros "brown" joined them, ally with them and soon surpassed in number, adopting their habits and forming the peculiar race of black Caribbean soon dominate.
Some French colonists settled there, while the English made an attempt in the first half of the eighteenth century to colonize the island whose neutrality was reaffirmed by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. Actually included in the general government of the Windward Islands, was home to a growing number of French General Monkton, but took it in 1762, and the Treaty of Paris was a British possession.
The division of land has resulted in many incidents, fidelity Caribbean refusing the king of England. Beaten by troops sent to North America, who presented in 1773, in exchange for their large reserves were recognized in the north of the island. During the War of Independence, the French captured St. Vincent (1779), but the Treaty of Versailles, went to England in 1783.
In 1795, at the initiative of Victor Hugues, the Caribbean revolted and led, as in St. Lucia, a "war criminals", burning crops, destroying homes, killing settlers whose survivors were locked in Kingstown. In June 1796, Sir Ralph Abercromby crushed the uprising.
Black Caribbeans were first interned on the island of Balliceaux then deported to the island of Ruantan in the Bay of Honduras. Their lands were confiscated crown profile and granted to individuals. The few Yellow Caribbean in St. Vincent retreated to the inaccessible northern region of the island near Sandy Bay, where their descendants live today in the Black Carib Community.
Since then, the island of São Vicente remained a British possession.
From 1956 to 1963, she joined the former federation of the British West Indies.
In 1902, she was devastated by the eruption of Soufriere which took place at the same time as the Mount Pelee in Martinique.
In 1969, the islands became an associated state to the British crown. Ten years later, October 27, 1979, St. Vincent and the Grenadines became fully independent.
The archipelago's capital, Kingstown, is located in the center south of the island of Sao Vicente. Since its independence in 1979, the government of the islands is based on the British system.
On September 16, 1980, St. Vincent and the Grenadines became a member of the United Nations, January 14, 1983 members of UNESCO.
Saint Vincent and Grenadines
First, will anchor the island of São Vicente, which is the most important. Here we can admire the beauty of the landscape and its rocky chasms.
Kingstonw we will consider in the capital markets and gardens and then we move to the rest of the island.
Later, we will give a tour of Las Grenadines, a string of island. In some of them you can rent horses and to gallop around the island. A stretched to complement the neighboring islands to stay in this archipelago.
It is an island of volcanic origin, with nearly 400 square kilometers. It is characterized by the massive amount of flood and, as a curious and lush tropical vegetation. La Soufriere, Richmond Peack, Grand Bonhomme and Maonte Saint Andrews, the mountains are steeper.
The population of this land is due predominantly black, seconds count, the sinking of a boat load of slaves in the back reef. They say that the Carib annihilated the entire crew and rescued blacks. Not only by the mystery that enters the story, but the beauty of its landscapes, the island is ideal for spending a great vacation.
The capital is Kingstown St. Vincent. It is a city very lively and fun. Once there, be sure to visit the Fruits and Vegetables Market, the Botanical Gardens of San Vicente, one of the oldest of these latitudes and Fort Charlotte, located in a spectacular height of the sea.
REST OF THE ISLAND
The rest of the island offers great attraction of places like the Cascades and the Mirador del Baleine Coastguard, where you can see if there is fog, the island of Grenada. You can also see Mount Saint Andrews, one of the peaks of the mountain range of St Vincent.
If you like the vegetation go straight to Mesopotamia, a region full of small rivers and palm groves, where they cultivate coconut, corn and peanuts, and fruit bread and rice. The Gardens Montereal lodge inside a spectacular collection of flowers and plants of the tropics, do not forget to visit them.
Regarding culture, are Vicente leave you satisfied when we make a stop in Georgetong center sugar producer in another time and now converted into a major center for the production of rum.
On our tour of Las Grenadines visit eight small islets each with its particular attraction.
The first island we can stop is Mustique, a private island, where there is some meetings of members of the British royalty. The only hotel is the Cotton House, with a beach called Praia Macaroni, beautiful contrast of the blue sea and the green of the thick vegetation of the surrounding area.
YONG ISLAND, CALIQUA BAY SAINT VINCENT AND PETIT
Another private islands also is a wonderful hotel with Young Island. Here, one can visit the Fort Duvernette, dating from the nineteenth century. If what you want is a good time to relax, go to the Caliqua Bay, an outdoor swimming in a pond surrounded by the most beautiful greenery. Petit St. Vincent completes the trio of private islands fit for a good rest.
Leaving behind this spectacular beach, disembark in Las Grandinas largest island, Bequia, where the only access is by sea.
The three beaches to enjoy the sand and sea are: Princess Margarita, Lower Bay and Industry Bay
Crescent-shaped and reputed to have the loneliest beaches of the Caribbean Sea Caouan emerges, where you can perform countless water sports and visit the abandoned village that was devastated by a hurricane in 1921. You can visit the church and the beaches of Glossy Bay
If you like the palm groves and shade adorned with a warm tropical breeze, spend a few days in Palm Beach, a formerly swampy island, now converted into an oasis of palm trees and crystal clear waters.
Finally, be sure to stroll through the quiet towns of Union Island, by Clifton and Ashton, where they are also charming beaches, hotels and some shops.
Updated passport, exit passageway and financial resources. You do not need a visa for stays that do not exceed 90 days. There is a charge of leaving the airport.
Moderate tropical climate with warm temperatures ranging around 26 degrees centigrade. The rainy season extends through the months from May to November, in the form of tropical downpours, brief and intense.
Are the recommended light cotton clothing, comfortable shoes, raincoat, sunglasses, hat, sunscreen and repellent against insects.
Four hours at least in relation to GMT.
The language is English. It also speaks English and Creole Hindu.
Protestant 56%, Roman Catholic 19% and others 25%.
Electrical current is 220/240 volts at 50Hz.
The official currency is the East Caribbean Dollar (XCD). A (XCD) equivalent to 100 cents. There are coins of 1, 5, 10 and 25 cents and $ 1. Notes 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and $ 100. Exchanges may be carried out in hotels, restaurants and exchange houses.
The islands of communications services are direct and automatic. To call the St. Vincent and Grenadines Las outside the country have to score 00-1-809, following the desired number (no prefix cities).
It is preferable to bring the photographic material, although you can buy in the islands, but for a higher price.
Shops are open Monday through Friday from 8 am to 12 pm and from 13 to 16 hours. On Saturday morning open. Banks are open Monday to Thursday from 8 to 12 hours. On Fridays from 14 to 17 hours. The airport bank is open Monday to Saturday from 7 to 17 hours.
As in many places, always gives tips on how to thank you. In some restaurants are included 10% in relation to services.
FEES AND TAXES
There is an airport tax of approximately $ 15 in the Caribbean.
These islands are situated to the west of Barbados, north of Granada and south of Martinique.
Its beautiful coasts, in some cases with spectacular cliffs and valleys that end up in the sea, are the best gift for visitors: Bequia, Mustique and Canouan affiliates are three islands a few miles from the main island.
The islands are endowed with a spectacular tropical flora. It is the most original and trees typical of mangostin. In the botanical gardens you can admire the "spachea perforata", a tree native of Sao Vicente. The Sucker, is the third generation of the "bread tree", coming doTaiti since 1793.
The fauna has parrots, also called Amazon guildinguii such as species characteristic of the islands, which need preservation because they are endangered. These animals are the national symbol. There are other protected species such as the St. Vincent parrot, good Bimini, a pack of dogs, the swallows and the bird of the Bahamas Greenfinch.
The Marine Fauna offers a variety of fishing unusual: barracuda, sábalo, kingfisher fisherman, tuna, sail fish and beautiful. The species are preserved in the Caribbean monk seal, the spotted spiny lobster and queen conch.
Around 4300 years islands inhabited this the Ciboney. Believed to have been the first inhabitants of the islands. Later, these lands seized the Arawak Indians, once expelled the previous. Finally, the Caribs arrived and sat dismissing the Arawak. In the year of 1719 reached the islands French and British boats that competed violently over territory. Finally, the lands were to the British Crown, after the Treaty of Versales.
Already this century, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Las become independent of Britain and elected its first president James Mitchell.
On the islands you can find interesting craft works created especially with what the sea gives the paintings as well as a large variety of colors.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the slave trade helped the arrival of thousands of Africans to the Caribbean islands, many of which are now black or mulatto countries, which retain many cultural elements originating in their continent of origin.
As for artistic events, the vast majority of Caribbean islands have preserved traditional handicraft techniques, highlighting the work sheet metal (using unused canisters), making baskets (mainly of pieces of coconut and banana) and developing pitchers clay and hand painted large colorful. Also, working up the leather, amber and wood.
Large hotels and restaurants in the Caribbean islands offer a varied international cuisine, but the interest of tourists for the local gastronomy has favored the development of the supply of typical dishes from each area.
The traditional cuisine of the Caribbean islands revolves around the variety of fruits available in this area. Any dish takes a very special flavor to add a little coconut, mango, avocado, guava or banana male, a native fruit that resembles a banana that we know, but of a dark green color and can not be tasted raw.
The more greenery characteristic of Caribbean islands is the callaloo (similar to espinfre) which is served with crab, pork, fresh fish, always accompanied by a serving of mushrooms. In turn, the desserts are the best loved tropical fruit sorbets, sweet bread, pies, coconut and spices of each site.
The fried fish is the dish most wonderful islands and is called Jackfish. Also you dare chicken with coconut milk and fresh ginger. lobster bique and callaloo soup.
The local rum called Captain Bligh and the beers are Hairoum and EKU. You are, however, major brands of soft drinks, wines and liquors, as well as a rich variety of juices.
Officially speaking, the Bahamas can be called the Commonwealth of The Bahamas.
It is an English speaking country consisting of 29 islands and islets.
The Bahamas is north of Cuba and covers 14000 square kilometers.
Although she may have had a finger in the discovery of many Caribbean islands, Columbus had a firm grip on first arrival in the Bahamas by any European explorer. This does not mean that his story begins in 1492, however, that goes back much further than that.
Bahamas: first inhabitants
The Bahamas that Columbus found were inhabited by Lucayans. Colombo had no interest in taking control over the islands and gifts exchanged only with the inhabitants. They may have been waiting for these the next time you paid a visit to Europe, but they were being severely disappointed by Spanish slavers who had little interest in exchanging memories.
The indigenous population were, however, allowed the task to work as slaves in the mines of Spanish gold. This was done so that the Lucayan population was almost finished. The Spanish decided not to colonize the island, although it was they who captured it for their own ends. This changed the face of the islands, which were supposedly very well wooded before the Spaniards arrived. Very few traders consider Slaver Spanish as responsible tenants as forests were never replanted.
The civilization was finally established in the Bahamas, in parallel with the English Civil War. Religious groups Puritans arrived on the island and established a civilization. This explains both the religion and way of speaking in this part of the Caribbean.
Islets and islet all proved to be a great place for pirates and a more perverse profession. The pirates were a big part of the islands to each other and decided in many parts of the Bahamas. It was very complicated to monitor and control, given the scattered nature of the islands.
The islands became a British colony in 1717 and the following year saw law and order finally restored. 1729 was the year that the law and order really took command when the first House of Assembly was installed in the islands. The pirates were arrested under this new rule, and the islands were gradually brought under some form of order.
The Spaniard had one more chance in 1782 during a civil war, this time was American. These attempts were not much to worry about and the British issued land grants to boost the island. The population tripled, as a result, primarily, through the slaves brought to work the plantations. As with many other Caribbean islands, these plantations failed due to the poor condition of the soil.
Race and ethical issues were very relevant during this time and the people have always believed that Europeans were superior citizens. A three-tier system seemed to be in place, lead by Europeans.
Independence of The Bahamas
1964 was the year of independence, during which the Bahamas finally broke away from Europe, while remaining a member of the Commonwealth.
The Bahamas became a strategic base during World War II and remain a loyal member of the Commonwealth.
His story is immensely diverse, despite having come to rest as an English speaking country. This seems to meet the island is now a tourist center.
The official language is English. It also speaks English Creole, French Creole, Greek and Chinese.
Location and Geography
In the western Atlantic are located in the Bahamas, an archipelago that stretches from the shores of Florida to the north of Cuba and Haiti.
More than 22 inhabited islands, 700 without dwelling and about 2,000 islands make up the archipelago of the Bahamas, which spreads from Florida to northeastern Cuba. Within this immense group of islands and islets stress Nueva Providencia, Andros, Grand Bahama, Inagua, Abaco, Long Island, Cat Island, Mayaguana, Cayo Lobos, Eleuthera and San Salvador (it is believed that the latter was the first land discovered by Christopher Colombo). The surface of the islands is generally flat and its main river is the Andros.
Flora and Fauna
The vegetation and animal world of the most important islands lying offshore. The hawksbill turtle, the golondrina, Huita the boa constrictor and the Bahamas are the animals that we contemplate, although some of them are endangered.
It is believed that the first inhabitants were the Arawak Caribbean. Later, and in order to practice their religious beliefs in new lands, began early arrivals Eleutheranos adventurers, coming from Bermuda.
The agriculture was flourishing while the first pirates were scaling these lands. A former privateer, Woodes Rogers was appointed first Royal Governor and the pirates departed the Bahamas. Thereafter, interest on the island from the neighboring country, the United States grew.
Because of the war, many Americans fled to the islands by the pressure existing in their states. In 1964, the Bahamas gets its first constitution without thereby ceasing to be a British protectorate. In 1973 obtained full independence, but now the contact and proximity to the United States is increasing.
Art and Culture
During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the slave trade brought millions of Africans to the Caribbean islands, many of which are now black or mulatto countries, having maintained many cultural elements originating from the continents of which the slaves were brought.
In regard to artistic events, the vast majority of Caribbean islands have preserved the traditional techniques of manual labor. Highlight the work sheet (for that use old pots), the cesteria (mainly with coconut leaves and banana) and the development of hand-painted bowls. Also works are leather, amber and wood.
The most typical of the Bahamas is the Bahamas Snail Das, cooking up a variety of ways: stewed snail, snail salad, snail patties, etc..
The turtle soup is really delicious. For dessert, you can eat guava pudding, sweet pineapple, ice cream pie or soup bitter cocoa. The yellow bird and punch Goobay are two rum cocktails after a great meal.
The population is mostly of African origin, the rest being American, British and Canadian. Tourism and agriculture are the main occupations of these people, along with fishing. In recent years the oil and the chemical and pharmaceutical industry have assumed an important source of income.
The music and dances are fundamental and every day. The rhythms and melodies heard grasp the historical conditions of the Bahamas, introducing different rhythms in a proposal novedosa. The music and African dance reached the Caribbean brings the arrival of African slaves, originating mainly from Ghana, Upper Guinea and the Nigerian Yoruba.
Just as the rest of the Caribbean islands, Carnival is undoubtedly the feast par excellence. All people participating in these festivals and the streets fill with people, parades, costumes, masks, dances, music and rockets.
The preparation of Carnival begins new year, when locals work with patience and skill in clothes and songs that, for a few days, rejoice calm life of this place.
The possibilities that the Bahamas offer are almost endless. Lovers of water sports, especially divers will find an unforgettable landscape. Nightclubs, bars, cafés and nightclubs offering complete entertainment.
The festivals and celebrations of events marked fill with light and color throughout the archipelago. Thus, Junkanoo is the famous national festival emerged from African traditions, is celebrated on December 26 and New Year's Day, while Goombay Summer Festival is a popular festival with three nights in duration.
The July 10, the date of Independence, begins Week of Independence, celebrated with parades and rockets.
The 28th of August is celebrated Emancipation Day and October 12, as in almost the whole continent, the Day of Discovery.
NEW PROVIDENCE - PARADISE ISLAND
This is the most famous island of the Bahamas and tourist center more complete tropic. Over 5 miles of white sand stretches Cable Beach, a beach of white sand and beautiful girl.
Nassau, on New Providence Island (New Providence), is the capital and the commercial and financial center of The Bahamas. This city still retains the charm of the colonial British. The Parliament Square, Avenue Elizabeth, the Governor's House or the Fort Fincastle are a good example of this.
Water Tower (Water Tower) is a 75 meters high, the tallest building in the whole island, where tourists come to enjoy the amazing views offered from the gazebo located in the tallest tower. Queen's Staircase (The ladder of Queen) is one of the places that can not be visited without being, because from above includes stunning views of the entire city and its harbor.
At the end of Elizabeth Avenue lies the Fort Fincastle, a fortress built in 1793 that mimics the shape of the prow of a boat. If you want to stroll through the small streets of Old Nassau, the Rawson Square-Square located between Prince George Dock and Bay Street, will be the best place to exit. And to know more about the gay life of the inhabitants of Nassau, do not let go of the Woodes Rogers Walk, a beautiful promenade situated by the sea.
The most important places to the visitor are the Parliament Square in the city center (this is the seat of government of the islands), the Congress Palace, the former seat of the Colonial Secretary, the Supreme Court and a monument dedicated to Queen Victoria . Very nearby is the National Public Library, former prison. Bay Street is the main street.
Here you can get access to a lot of restaurants and shops. At the Craft Market, you will find everything you need, because it is one of the most important markets in the area.
Prince George Wharf, where abutting a dock and cruises depart with several destinations: Rawson Square, located between Prince George Dock and Bay Street.
Governor's House, interesting mansion, now the governor's residence.
AREA OF NASSAU
A wonderful garden with ponds with fish of different colors and also cactus.
Near Nassau. A fine observatory submarine From the interior and through a windows can peer into the seabed.
Located on West Bay Street. The fort was built in 1788 and has wells, battlements and dungeons.
At the foot of Fort Charlotte find themselves these tropical gardens where you can admire the original pink flamingos.
Fort Montagu. Located on East Bay Street
It was built in 1771 and for some years was an American-owned.
Beneath the bridge Paradis Islands. It has a popular market where you can buy a wide variety of edible items.
Versailles Gardens and French Cloister
Located in Paradis Islands. It is an Augustinian monastery in the fourteenth century, moved from France and rebuilt stone by stone.
BIG ISLAND BAHAMA
This island, located only half an hour away from Miami, you can practice all kinds of water sports. To enjoy the exotic nature of this island, it is best to visit the Rand Memorial Nature Centre, Gardens Of the Groves and caves Lucaya National Park. The Grand Bahama Museum will show you the history and traditions of the Indians lucayanos. Grand Bahama invites tourists to relax and enjoy the depths of its seas.
The sites of greatest interest are:
Freeport / Lucaya
An important administrative and commercial center.
Natural Randt Memorial Centre
A very few minutes away from Freeport, very interesting for its autochthonous woods.
Of the Goves Museum
This is a great museum with a garden cemetery lucayanos of the first settlers of the islands.
National Park Lucayana
An interesting natural treasure caves with stone rubble.
Be sure to visit her.
THE FAMILY ISLANDS
More than 700 islands and islets without much tourist paradise, perfect to leave everything behind.
They form a group of islands along 210 km. From emerald waters. In 1783 the first settlers arrived. The Hope Town of Faro still works with kerosene and is driven by hand.
Near the small town of Green Turtle Cay, very popular by the bright colors of its houses are situated the Pelican Cay National Park and Reserve of Birds at the National Trust, the first being the main attraction for divers and the second for ornithologists.
The most important thing to see:
Port of entry with its own airport. Curiously, it also has the only traffic light on the island.
Faro Town of Hope
With its red and white stripes, is still driven with kerosene.
Green Turtle Cay
It is a very small town, the houses by their colors and shapes, seem to come from a distant time.
Ateleiros where workers build boats following the style of their ancestors 200 years ago.
Beach Treasure Cay
One of the most beautiful beaches of these islands.
Pelican Cay National Park
An underwater park where divers can enjoy the beautiful landscape in the midst of the sea.
Bird reserve of the National Trust
A paradise for birdwatchers.
90 km outside of Nassau, Andros is the least exploited island of the archipelago. It has two tropical forests in which, according to Indian legend, the late legendary Chickcharine, a red-eyed creature with three fingers and three feet. Nichol's Town and Mastic Point are two great places to learn about the local cuisine you can hear live music Goobay.
This is the largest and least touristy islands and a real barrier reef, a lovely dream for divers. The current sweet ocean is full of a wide variety of marine fauna and flora. A true paradise. Andros is known as the island of Espiritu Santo. Its interior has dense forests and address Chickcahrine, Forest Elf according to Indian legend.
Eleuthera is a Greek word which means Freedom. This island was discovered 300 years ago. In Eleuthera can visit the Wind Glass Bridge, a bridge with the Atlantic on one side and the Caribbean Sea on the other.
To the north of the island is Gregory Town, where it manufactures rum pineapple. Spanish Wells, the first European settlement, still has the charm of architectural and artistic centuries ago. The town of Governor's Harbour is another of the oldest islands of the Bahamas. Also underline Harbour Island, with a beautiful sandy beach petite and Ocean Hole, a very deep indoor lagoon connected to the sea through holes.
The Exumas are formed by a chain of 365 islands among which underline Great Exuma and Little Exuma, connected by a bridge. The main attraction of these islands is in the National Marine Park of Exuma Land and, to get there you must go by boat through an area of coral reefs and underwater caves. The capital is George Town.
This is the most extensive fishing area in the world.
The most important are: Blue Marlin Cottage and Museum, where Hemingway lived and sought the inspiration for many of his novels, and the Straw Market in Alice Town.
This island is recommended for its spectacular vegetation. The Caves of Arawak are very interesting poisse can include some pre-Columbian remains.
On this island think is one of the largest colonies of flamingos in the world (nearly 40,000 copies living in Windsor Pond) and Cat Island, you can visit the caves of the Arawak Indians in the vicinity of Port Howe.
Flamingos and the swampy waters of Lake Windsor is the better place.
These islands offer an interesting contrast. A part of the white beaches and the rocky cliffs of another.
San Salvador was, according to the belief-the first island that Christopher Columbus set foot. After five centuries remains, in many respects, the same virgin island these days.
Nightlife in the Bahamas
Nightlife and fun in this tropical paradise, we find a plethora of programs, bars, nightclubs and casinos to be your night unforgettable.
See below some of these locations:
Flo's Conch Bar & Restaurant
Little Harbour, Berry Islands
Most of the islands has a local service to ferry transporting tourists and residents between the neighboring islands and the ports of the main island. There is the opportunity to travel in boats of various types and sizes led by several prominent Bahamians.
Discovery Cruise Lines offers a "Ride Cruise to the Bahamas" which departs daily from Fort Lauderdale bound for Grand Bahama. The ferry part of Fort Lauderdale at 7:25 a.m. in the morning, arriving at 13 hours in Grand Bahama, Grand Bahama part of it at 16.25, arriving at 22 hours in Fort Lauderdale.
The local currency is the dollar of the Bahamas, for security, currency trading should be done preferably on the rare exchange houses.
It is advisable to respect the usual safety advice:
Do not ride at night or in isolated locations
Avoid deserted beaches
Transportation with a copy of passport
Shopping and Craft
One of the best parts of the trip to the Bahamas are tax free purchases.
In Nassau, along the Bay Street shops will find perfumes, cosmetics, liquor and jewelry, duty-free style. Currently the Bahamians maintain the tradition of the ancient Taino and Lucayan Indians production of different arts and crafts that reflect its rich heritage of art and talent.
The Bahamians utilize local sources to create dishes, spices, ceramics, crafts, art and music unique. Local arts and crafts can also be found in various markets straw.
The two main shopping areas on the island are the International Bazaar and Port Lucaya Marketplace.
You may have seen some video with divers around a guide feeding sharks with pieces of flesh and blood. This is one of the highlights in the Bahamas, has usually no danger in this type of tourism, several local operators have this type of output in their tour packages.
The are plenty of places to dive in the Bahamas.
The music of The Bahamas, is a mix of african rhythms and calypso. The nightlife happens in Cable Beach and Paradise Island, where are the hotels with their casinos, such as the Crystal Palace and Atlantis.
If you are in Nassau on December 26 or January 1, will attend the Junkanoo, the Bahamian carnival, which begins at 2 am and go until 8 o'clock in the morning.
The climate is tropical, with average temperatures ranging from 21-27 ° C and constant trade winds.
The region is in the path of hurricanes between June and November is the time of greatest occurrence.
The Caribbean Helena!
Saint Lucia, also known as the “Caribbean Helena of Troy”, already changed of flag and administration between France and England 14 times! Before the Frenchmen arriving in port in “its” new lands, the aboriginals caribes also already had banished arawaks, that already they inhabited the island has 2 a thousand years more than.
Saint Lucia, or “Saint Lútia” - as in the local pronunciation, is a small pertaining island to the Antilhas, in the Caribbean. Its territory possesss 158 kilometers of coast, in a volcanic and mountainous region.
This exchange-exchange made of Saint Lucia a special mixture, adding still in this cultural cauldron the force and the rhythm of the brought Africans to work in the plantations of sugar sugar cane. Although English either the official language, the Patois (“patoá” is read), or “french creole” are said by 95% of the population. In the map of the country geographic cities and landmarks they possess French, sharp names with sotaque English “apatoado”.
The capital and greater city of the island is Castries, followed for Vieux-Fort to the south, where arrives the main international flights. Castries is the seat of government and economic from the country, it receives the flights between Caribbean islands and come boats of other islands. We arrive of ferry-boat, we catch a direct taxi to the airport to rent an car and follow for the south of the island. Already it was late, but we take off the day for displacements. In the way for Soufrière we go up and we go down mountains, we saw the sun if among the trees of the tropical bush and lose pretty seen of the bays of Marigot and Canaries. We would know that the penalty would be valid, tomorrow we wanted to wake up and to be in plus one of these pieces of paradise in the land.
In the way we cross Anse Raye, a fishing village There known by its fairs and livened up parties. The street was closed for cars. Families, young and children circulated livened up, much music and drink packed the a sunday night. We look at in return and we do not find no tourist, no mulato, much less a white. For a moment it seemed that we had in the carried one to Africa.
The island possesss one of the landscapes Caribbean symbol - the Piton Mountains (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), that in 2004 they had been declared Patrimony of the Humanity for the UNESCO, and its entorno if became an Area of Ambient Management.
With crystalline waters, the place is perfect for aquatic sports, as much on waters, how much in the deep one of the sea. There it is possible to rent since jet ski to the boats.
The island is known world-wide as a perfect romantic destination, and this if must, in grante part, for the charmosas and romantic installations of its hotels and resorts. It is also obligator breakpoint for cruises that pass for the Caribbean.
Although most of its inhabitants (of a total of little more than 160,000) to be descending of Africans, what it is seen in the region is a mixture of French and British inheritances, since the island was colonized by these two nations.
Saint Lucia is a destination that is pleasant during all the year, however, in the high season - it enters the December months and May, what it is not pleasant are the prices charged for the hotels and restaurants.
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
The Islands of Trinidad and Tobago settles the southern arc of the Antilles and are ahead the Venezuela the 11 kilometers of its shores. Trinidad has an area of 4,828 square kilometers and if uni to Big Delta of the Orinoco River, in addition to Tobago which has a size of 295 square kilometers. THE territory also includes the islands of Little Tobago, we make, uova de cova, Chacachacare and Gasparee.
FLORA AND vegetation of Trinidad
Is very similar to the Venezuelan: plains in parts more dried surrounded by a lush vegetation virgin. There are coconut trees, sugar cane, cocoa, coffee, tobacco as the main crops of the region. Wild life is very rich in fauna, highlighting 622 species of moths and 700 different types of orchids. Tobago account with 19 species of hummingbird and koalas, 7 originating on the island. Among the animals most frequently in their soil we can quote the beetles, the concha sandy, the spiny lobster and polluted, the quail dove, humming "wing saber", the verdilhao (bird) of Monserrat and the wild duck in the Antilles.
The population of approximately 1,276,000 inhabitants, whose ethnic origins are diversified. Most of the villages are located on the west coast of the island of Trinidad, which is rich in fertile land and oil. Christianity is the predominant religion, with 60% of followers, and can find both Roman Catholic and Anglican; follows in proportion the Hindus in 25 % and Muslims in 6 %. We speak english in most villages, but also use the french, the Spanish, the hindu, Chinese and arab.
Art and Culture, the traditional music of this region of the Caribbean is also a mixture of the influences of immigrants from Africa and Europe with their customs rooted the environment of the Antilles. For a long time, the music has been a source of dialog and expression between the peoples and today still retains certain codes understood by motorboats. THE calypso was born on the island of Trinidad and is a mixture of African rhythms, hipânico african and verses in english with structural marks french. The themes that deal with the songs with this pace are daily such as love, sex, politics, etc.
ISLANDS OF TRINIDAD PORT OF SPAIN
Considered as one of the islands most cosmopolitan cities of the world, in Trinidad you will find statements from the ancestral traditions, modes of contemporary life, bazaars, hindu places of worship and festivities without pair. The capital is Port of Spain where develops the main political events and administrative. In the old part are King's Wharf or Independence Square. Other attractions are the Parliament of Trinidad that is found in Red House, a building typical of the renaissance; the Woodford Square, with its beautiful fountain; the Church of Trinidad, with its Gothic towers, consecrated in 1826; the National Museum and Art Gallery, where exhibit show culture pre-colombian, paintings by contemporary artists and exhibitions on the oil.
The Queen's Park, better known as Savannah, in addition to recognizing its particular beauty and a center for meeting for various cultural events. Very close is the Magnificent Seven, which are a series of buildings constructed during the last century. Not far away is the Botanical Garden, a huge tropical park where are the residences of the President and the Prime Minister. During the carnival must not fail to visit the hippodrome, for there they celebrate the invitations of musical bands of calypso music, in addition to the traditional horse racing.
16 km from the capital is Lopinot Complex that is conformed by the population of Siree, La Pastora and Lopinot, where it developed in ancient times the large plantations of coffee and cocoa still preserved with care. Fort George is recognized by its characteristic architectural and its precious panoramas. In northwest part is the small village of Toco and the first capital, St. Joseph, which still preserves its beautiful buildings and the old catholic church of XVI century.
THE BEACHES OF TRINIDAD
Tirico Bay is the favorite of those who practice the surfing, still that Maracas Day stimulates a more pleasant stay in its lagoon of sand. You can also visit Las Cuevas Bay, which is a sandy beach with numerous submerged caves around the coast. To the northwest is Chagville, a beach that is connected to the end of at Chaguaramas.
OTHER ATTRACTIONS OF TRINIDAD
The accumulations of woods and waterfalls can be recognized in the center of Natural Asa Wrigth, hosts more than a hundred different species. Arima for its part, maintains the featues pre-columbian architecture in a city that has come to be the third in importance in the country. Other important points in the region are: Valencia, popular among surfers. Caroni Bird Sanctuary, reserve of birds that we can go by boat.
an hour from the capital is San Fernando, the main industrial area of the region. More ahead this Point Pierre Wild Fowl Trust, a natural reserve that concentrates several wild species in danger of extinction. The small village of fishermen of Erin with its impressive beaches of Puerto Grande and Los Satyrs; and the refuge of the most famous healers in the area of the village of Moruga.
ILHA DE TOBAGO
The capital, Sacarborough, brings together the area of Fort King George, impressive botanical gardens and beautiful views of the entire coast. Very close is Rock Bay, which has the House of Tobago in James Park, and the bridge of Gun Bridge, as architectonic treasures.
In the rest of this island you can find some real beauties such as Mount Saint George, whose acantilado offers a delightful view of the sea; Fort Granby, with a beautiful beach of black sand; the waterfalls of King's Bay whose waters fall in a fresh water swimming pool with excellent beaches around; Charlotte Ville, with its beaches of Man of Bay and Lover's Beach, call thus by its pink sand. Flagstaff Hill, the highest point of the island; the arrecife of Bucoo coral reef; and the beaches of Pigeon Point and Turtle Bay.
THE LITTLE TOBAGO
Is the smaller and you can get it from Speyside. Popularly known as the "paradise of birds" by the multiplicity of birds that focuses on their territories. Gastronomy typical gastronomy if you can find elements very similar to the rest of the Caribbean. Among the main dishes we can highlight: the Callaloo (stew or soup of a herb resembles spinach), the beat of amendment (with flavor of peanut butter), the tumtun (green bananas done pure), coocoon (meatballs of corn bread), the tori (earth packed with meat), cascadou (freshwater fish), the chip chip (seafood), the crabmatete (carangueijo), pastels (cakes of meat), the armadillo (beef) and the de Lappe (rabbit of the islands).
Drinks from the XVI century the rum has been the drink more important of Caribbean islands. Its origin is associated with the legendary stories of pirates and slaves. A great list of houses producing famous liquor of sugar cane, has popularized its consumption not only in any location of the Antilles, but yes, expanded in the whole world. Throughout the region produce delicious tropical fruit juices whose mixture (coco with papaya, strawberry with coconut, banana and strawberry coconut, etc) the origin to the names that were baptized. They can be served with or without alcohol.
Purchasing To bring some remembrance of the journey there are several options. Between the main articles of sale are: the craft of pottery, the copper or the woodcarvings, the bracelets of gold or silver, the straw baskets, the tissues of indian silk and cotton, leather articles.
It is important warn that there are articles protected as the hull of tortoise or the black coral. Probably, the find the sale, but will take their precautions.
Barbados is part of the Lesser Antilles and is located east of the Caribbean Sea.
The name, Barbados, was thought by the Portuguese and means bearded.
Some think beards are actually referred to the long roots of the fig trees that are found in abundance throughout the island, others believe it has more to do with the beards of the Caribbean and other tribes think of foam lying on the reef is what gives this name.
The official language is English, but also speaks English-bajan, Greek and Hindu.
Besides the unmistakable pink sand beaches and surrounded by white coral reefs fixed on one of the most important tourist areas, the Costa de Platino. The capital, Bridgetown, offers lots of activities.
The capital of Barbados offers interesting places such as:
Careenage: Point precious dock where fishing boats and passengers.
Trafalgar Square: It is characterized by the majestic statue of Lord Nelson.
Barbados Museum: Of great interest. A museum visit can be combined with a walk by the capital's public buildings.
FOR THOSE WHO LIKE THE NATURAL
All those who enjoy the contact with nature, the island of Barbados offers a large number of caves and grottos as well as beaches and steep cliffs. The pipes for long walks in the shadow of hundreds of fruit trees, can prevent the walker to make a senior on the way, and enjoy a wonderful picnic.
Welchman Hall Guly
A zone of streams decorated with citrus trees and exotic plants.
One of the most beautiful natural attractions of the island consists of a huge mass of stone more than 100 m in diameter.
CAVE OF HARRISON
It consists of a large stone underground stone rubble. It has a complicated system of crystal stalactites and stalagmites, creeks, lakes and a waterfall.
GARDENS OF ANDROMEDA
It is a precious tropical garden placed in rocky hills of Bathsheba Hills. It has an amazing collection of flowers, plants and tropical trees. These gardens were created by Iris Bannochie, a self-taught horticulturist deserving of many awards in Britain.
For lovers FOR FAUNA
Interestingly organizing guided tours through reservations monkeys, birds and mini zoos.
NIGHT DIVING ATLANTIS
At 6 pm from Atlantis illuminates corals and marine garden, allowing gifts, plunging enjoying all the charm of the sea.