Italy is a long peninsula shaped like a boot, so the climate is highly different according to geographic areas and we have a great variety of flora and fauna. For this reason, I prefer to tell only about the plants and the animals typical of the zone where I live. In the past, the part of Western Liguria called “Flowers Riviera”, was covered even on the coast by large forests. Nowadays one must go in the interior of the territory, to find the originally endemic vegetation and fauna. There, the flora is composed by plants like chestnut, some types of pine, oak, hazel tree, walnut tree, laurel, larch, beech, fern, and there is an interesting and charming “macchia mediterranea” (maquis shrubland) formed by holm oak, tree heath, strawberry tree, sage, juniper, buckthorn, spurge olive and myrtle as well as aromatic herbs such as thyme, lavender and rosemary. The fauna of western Liguria is as much interesting as the flora. Although the unfavourable living conditions that have been made by humans during the last century (hunting and forest fires), wildlife is still multifaceted, so we have animals like badger, wild boar, marmot, mole, fox, squirrel, deer, hedgehog, numerous bird species, little reptiles and amphibians. When one approaches to the coastal towns, the type of vegetation changes completely. In fact, in the parks and in the most part of the private gardens, one can see olive trees, many kinds of fruit trees (a great part are citrus trees), mimosas, oleanders, a local variety of white brooms, but especially many exotic plants such as several types of palms, eucalyptus, bananas, jacarandas, bright colourful bougainvilleas, magnolias, cactus, “birds of paradise” (strelitzia reginae banks), pink pepper trees (Schinus mollis), jacarandas, and many other plants, which have deeply modified, in the last one hundred thirty years, the look of this area. Since the most part of the vegetation is formed by evergreen plants, the seasonal changes are not as marked as in the interior of the territory, and when a tourist comes here, he can admire many fascinating views, that look like tropical landscapes..