William Shakespeare was born a Baptised in 26 April and died 23 April 1616, was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard Avon".
His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His play have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other poems.
When he has 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith.
Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later know as the King's Men.
He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later.
Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters and his physical appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs and whether the works attributed to him were writtern by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his know work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Kear, Othello, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language.
In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies also known as romances and collaborated with other playwrights.