The Verb To Be Probably the best known verb in the world: "To be or not to be..." Forms of To Be



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The Verb To Be

Probably the best known verb in the world: "To be or not to be..."

Forms of To Be

 

Present

Past

Perfect
Form

Continuous
Form

I

am

was

have / had been

am / was being

he / she / it

is

was

has / had been

is / was being

you / we / they

are

were

have / had been

are / were being

Normally we use the verb to be to show the status or characteristics of something or someone (as a stative verb). It says what I am, what you are or what something is.

Present Simple (stative)

I am a teacher.

You are a student.

He /She is a student.

It is a car.

We are all teachers.

They are students.

Past Simple (stative)

I was a student.

You were a student.

He /She was a student.

It was a nice day yesterday.

We were all students once.

They were students.

Future Simple (stative)

I will be a student.

You will be a teacher.

He / She will be a teacher.

It will be nice later.

We will be teachers.

They will be students.

When used with the present participle of other verbs it describes actions that are or were still continuing - auxiliary verb be [+ ing form of the main verb].

Present Continuous (active)

I am being silly.

You are being silly.

He /She is being silly.

It is being silly.

We are being silly.

They are being silly.

Past Continuous (active)

I was being silly.

You were being silly.

He /She was being silly.

It was being silly.

We were being silly.

They were being silly.

Am/Is/Are

The verb to be is used to create simple yes/no questions by simply inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb.

For example:-

I am a teacher. (Statement)
Am I a teacher? (Question)

Question

Positive Statement

Negative Statement (possible short forms)

Singular

 

 

Am I ...?

I am ... (I'm ...)

I am not ... (I'm not ...)

Is he / she / it ...?

He / She / It is ...(He's/She's/It's ...)

He / She / It is not (He / She / It isn't... // He's / She's / It's not ...)

Are you ...?

You are ...(You're...)

You are not (You're not ...// You aren't...)

Am I being ...?

I am being ...

I am not being ... (I'm not being...)

Is he / she / it being...?

He / She / It is being ... (He's/She's/It's being ...)

He / She / It is not being ... (He / She / It isn't being...// He/she/it's not being...)

Are you being ...?

You are being ... (You're being ...)

You are not being ... (You're not being ... // You aren't being...)

Was I ...?

I was ...

I was not. ..

Was he / she / it ...?

He / She / It was ...

He / She / It was not ... (He / She / It wasn't)

Were you ...?

You were ...

You were not ... (You weren't ...)

Was I being ...?

I was being ...

I was not being (I wasn't being...)

Was he / she / it being...?

He / She / It was being ...

He / She / It was not being ... (He / She / It wasn't being... )

Were you being ...?

You were being ...

You were not being ... (You weren't being ...)

Will I be ...?

I will be ... (I'll be ...)

I will not be ... (I'll not be ...)

Will he / she / it be ...?

He / She / It will be ...(He'll / She'll / It'll be ...)

He / She / It will not be (He / She / It won't be ... // He'll not be / She'll not be / It'll not be ...)

Will you be ...?

You will be ...(You'll be ...)

You will not be (You won't be ... // You'll not be ...)

Plural

 

 

Are we / you / they?

We / You / They are (We're / You're / They're)

We / You /They are not (We're / You're / They're not // We / You / They aren't)

Are we / you / they being ...?

We / You / They are being ... (We're / You're / They're)

We / You /They are not being (We're / You're / They're not being // We / You / They aren't being)

Were we / you / they ...?

We / You / They were ...

We / You / They were not ... (We / You / They weren't ...)

Were we / you / they being ...?

We / You / They were being ...

We / You / They were not being ... (We / You / They weren't being ...)

Will we / you / they be ...?

We / You / They will be ...(We'll / You'll They'll be ...)

We / You / They will not be (We / You / They won't be ... // We'll / You'll They'll not be ...)

Examples

 

Am/Are

Is

Question - ?

"Am I disturbing you?"

"Is this your coat"

Positive Answer - Yes

"Yes you are."

"Yes it is"

Negative Answer - No

"No you're not."

"No it isn't"

 

Was / Were

Was

Question - ?

"Was I disturbing you?"

"Was that your old house?"

Positive Answer - Yes

"Yes you were ."

"Yes it was "

Negative Answer - No

"No you weren't."

"No it wasn't."

 

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1. He  my brother.

6. Giraffes  very tall.

2. They  students.

7. Rex  a lively dog.

3. I  a boy.

8. You and your family  kind.

4. Mary and I  cousins.

9. We  10 years old.

5. Susan  a good friend.

10. Mr Green  a doctor.

 Complete the sentences with AM, ARE or IS.

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1. He is my brother.

6. Giraffes are very tall.

2. They are astudents.

7. Rex  isa lively dog.

3. I am a boy.

8. You and your family  are kind.

4. Mary and I  are cousins.

9. We are 10 years old.

5. Susan is a good friend.

10. Mr Green is a doctor.

 

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salut! bon, il était facile:)

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1 _ these your books? No,_ . They_ Jane’s books.
 

2 _you Mr Smith? No,_ . I _ Mr Johnson.

3 _ Mr Sebel your French teacher? No, . He _ my English 
   teacher.

4 _ Sharon and William from Australia? No,_ . They _ from
   New Zealand.

5 _ you and your friend Chelsea fans? No,_ . We _ Manchester
   United fans.

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Example: …. you a Star Trek fan? No, … . I … a Star Wars fan.

            are  you a Star Trek fan? No I'm not.I'm a Star Wars fan.

Manuel96rb

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1. He is my brother.

6. Giraffes is very tall.

2. They are students.

7. Rex is a lively dog.

3. I´m a boy.

8. You are and your family  kind.

4. Mary and I cousins.

9. We are 10 years old.

5. Susan is a good friend.

10. Mr Green is a doctor.

 

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4. Mary and I are cousins.

6. Giraffes are very tall.

8. You and your familly are kind.(você e sua família sao tipo)

Manuel96rb

Manuel96rb (19)

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I have understood 

4. Mary is and i cousins.

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Mary e eu somos primos.