Hagia Sophia, was an early Christian church and later an Eastern Orthodox church. It was made into a mosque in 1453 by the Turks and changed into a museum in 1935. It is located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is often said to be one of the greatest, and most beautiful buildings in history.
Popularly known as the strategic place where the 'East' meets the 'West', Istanbul in Turkey, is a historic and fascinating city, which bridges the continents of Europe and Asia. Situated on the west of the Bosporus strait, which is responsible for joining the Black sea and the Sea of Marmara, Istanbul has a diverse history that is packed with tradition and ethnicity of its various conquerors.
Get in and witness the grandeur feeling yourself!
Looking at this magnificent monument from the outside is not enough; you should see the interior and feel the spaciousness for yourself. Fourty windows below the dome lets the light in the building and makes the interior seem differently at different times of the day.The interior of Hagia Sophia is beautifully decorated. A great variety of rare and beatiful marbles were used for the revetments of the piers and walls. You can walk around the upper gallery and see the paintings and exquisite mosaics of Saints which are considered to among world’s art treasures and cultural heritage.
Mosaics, paintings, the giant dome and the light-infused interior have been a great inspiration for places of worship for centuries.
Remember, to fully understand the historical context and the importance of Saint Sophia Church (Hagia Sophia), you’d better see other remnants of Roman Empire like cisterns, Hippodrome etc, which are very close. This makes it easier to fully appreciate the engineering and urban planning in Roman Empire.
When Constantinople was conquered by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, the Conqueror, it was converted to a mosque.
Today it serves as a museum, open to people of all faiths.
You can see it at the North-east corner of Sultanahmet Square.
Did you know?:
*The Hagia Sophia Church (Saint Sophia) that we know was built in the 6th century by the Emperor Justinian on the foundations of a previous church. To be exact, the construction was finished on 26 December AD 537.
*Emperor Justinian's cathedral was crowned by the largest dome ever constructed which is the source of its great fame. And it held that record over a thousand years, until the construction of St Peter's Cathedral in Rome, in 1626.
*The dome is slightly elliptical. The east-west diameter is nearly 31 m. and the North-south diameter is nearly 33 m. The crown of the dome rises 56 m. above the floor.
*All of the biblical treasures and other valuable artifacts in Hagia Sophia Church (Saint Sophia) were lost in 1204, when Christendom's Fourth Crusade invaded the city. The crusaders ripped the city apart, carried off everything valuable including the ones in Saint Sophia Church.
*The church has been fortified and repaired on several occasions during both the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire periods.
Hagia Sophia - 3D Virtual Tour
Yes, It is very professional. You feel as if you have been there:D
Teşekkür ederim cnrsk. Thank you very much for the great effort!
how to go Istanbul from India? How long does it take by flight?
Are there many beautiful places?