Family in German: Guide to German Family Vocabulary

Get to know important words and expressions about family in German

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By Mathias Neubauer · January 5, 2024 · 9 minute read

Large families can be overwhelming – think of all the birthday parties you need to organize and all the Christmas gifts you must buy. However, talking about family in German is not!

Mastering the vocabulary about family members is one of the first things that we learn in our native language as well as in a foreign language which is why it serves as an excellent topic to start a conversation in German. It helps you to get to know people’s background a bit better but also to talk about your own.

In this guide, you will learn more than the basic words like father or mother in German. Get ready for a journey through German family life, and let’s check out what it takes to succeed in day-to-day conversations about family in German.

Want to learn more vocabulary about family in German?

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Try our free online courses and vocabulary reviews in German and get ready to talk about your family and say “Ich besuche meine Familie oft.” (I often visit my family)

Close family members

Our relationships and interactions with immediate family members (nahe Familienmitglieder) significantly influence our personalities. They impact our perception of love and closeness, shape our approach to conflict resolutions, and determine the way we form connections overall. Thus, the experience we make with our parents and siblings are very important.

Here is the vocabulary you should memorize to talk about immediate family in German:

German family vocabulary

German English
Eltern parents
die Mutter the mother
die Mama / Mami the mom / mommy
der Vater the father
der Papa / Papi the dad / daddy
Geschwister siblings (there is no word for only one sibling in German)
die Schwester the sister
der Bruder the brother
die Tochter the daughter
der Sohn the son
die Ehefrau the wife
der Ehemann the husband

Extended family members

Extended family members (erweiterte Familienmitglieder) are relatives extending beyond the immediate family whose members we just saw above. This broader network can include grandparents, aunts, uncles, and even more distant relatives.

The understanding of extended family may vary between cultures and societies. Even so, appreciating our extended family members can foster a sense of belonging and support.

Let’s have a look at these words in German for extended family members:

German extended family vocabulary

German English
Großeltern grandparents
die Großmutter the grandmother
die Oma the grandma
der Großvater the grandfather
der Opa the grandpa
Urgroßeltern great-grandparents
die Urgroßmutter / Uroma the great-grandmother / great-grandma
der Urgroßvater / Uropa the great-grandfather / great-grandpa
die Enkel the grandchildren
die Enkelin the granddaughter
der Enkel the grandson
die Tante the aunt
der Onkel the uncle
die Nichte the niece
der Neffe the nephew
die Cousine the cousin (female)
der Cousin the cousin (male)

Family members by marriage

This type of family members, commonly known as “in-laws”, includes people linked to a person through marital bonds rather than biological relationships. Upon marriage, individuals not only become part of their spouse’s immediate family but also establish connections with a wider range of relatives through their spouse.

The following words include typical family members by marriage:

German family members vocabulary

German English
Schwiegereltern parents-in-law
die Schwiegermutter the mother-in-law
der Schwiegervater the father-in-law
die Schwiegertochter the daughter-in-law
der Schwiegersohn the son-in-law
Stiefeltern stepparents
die Stiefmutter the stepmother
der Stiefvater the stepfather
die Stieftochter the stepdaughter
der Stiefsohn the stepson
die Stiefschwester the stepsister
der Stiefbruder the stepbrother

As you can see, a few key words say something about the relationship in the family:

Groß-: relation to two generations before
Example: Großeltern (grandparents), Großmutter (grandmother)

Ur-: comes before groß- and indicates a generation after grandparents
Example: Urgroßmutter (great-grandmother)

Schwieger-: Relatives of the spouse
Example: Schwiegervater (father-in-law), Schwiegersohn (son-in-law)

Stief-: Relatives one has through a second/third/etc. marriage
Example: Stiefmutter (stepmother), Stiefschwester (stepsister).

Further German family vocabulary

So far, we have covered typical vocabulary about family in German, such as mother, father, siblings, but also aunt and uncle in German. Understanding the basics of that topic is essential for talking about families.

However, family-related vocabulary includes so much more that you can use for meaningful communication within the realm of familial connections.

Let’s take a look at some more varied vocabulary associated with family to enhance our capacity for daily-life conversations.

Family vocabulary in German

German English
die Verwandten the relatives
das Kind / die Kinder the child / the children
mütterlicherseits (e.g.: meine Großeltern mütterlicherseits) mother’s side/maternal (e.g.: my maternal grandparents)
väterlicherseits (e.g.: meine Oma väterlicherseits) father’s side/paternal (e.g.: my paternal grandparents)
Zwillinge twins
die Zwillingsschwester the twin sister
der Zwillingsbruder the twin brother
Drillinge triplets
die Halbschwester the half-sister
der Halbbruder the half-brother
adoptiert adopted
ein Paar a couple
verliebt in love
verlobt engaged
verheiratet married
getrennt separated
geschieden divorced
sich scheiden lassen to divorce
gestorben dies/dead
der Partner the partner (male)
die Partnerin the partner (female)
die Generation the generation

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How to talk about family in German

Now it’s time to dive into the more practical stuff – you know, chatting about the people who mean the most to us. Now that we have learned a lot of family-related words, we want to use them in conversations. (By the way, in this article we cover more topics on German conversation)

Here are some examples you will definitely hear when you talk about family with native speakers. Just pick them up and you’ll be able to describe your family a bit more in detail,(e.g. that you have a little sister in German).

  • Hast Du eine große Familie? (Do you have a big family?)
    Nein, ich habe eine kleine Familie: meine Eltern und ich. (No, I have a small family: my parents and me.)

  • Wie heißen Deine Eltern? (What are your parents‘ names?)
    Meine Mutter heißt Sarah und mein Vater heißt Paul. (My mother's name is Sarah and my father's name is Paul.)

  • Meine Eltern sind verheiratet / getrennt / geschieden. (My parents are married / separated / divorced.)

  • Hast du Geschwister? (Do you have siblings?)
    Ja, ich habe zwei Geschwister (Yes, I have two siblings.)

  • In case you only have one sibling:
    Ja, ich habe eine Schwester / einen Bruder. (Yes, I have one sister / brother.)

  • Sind deine Geschwister jünger oder älter? (Are your siblings younger or older?)
    Meine Schwester ist älter und mein Bruder ist jünger. (My sister is older and my brother is younger.)
    Alternatively: Ich habe eine große Schwester und einen kleinen Bruder. (I have a big sister and a little brother.)

  • Hast du noch alle Großeltern? (Do you still have all your grandparents?)
    Ich habe noch meine Großeltern väterlicherseits. Meine Großeltern mütterlicherseits sind schon gestorben. (I still have my paternal grandparents. My maternal grandparents have already died.)

Family-related phrases and idioms in German

Just like English, German has some specific phrases and expressions that are related to family, including some colorful sayings that make talking about family more fun. In this last chapter, we’ll look at some phrases you can drop during a conversation, and you’ll appear like a native.

German family-related phrases

Phrase English translation Meaning or usage
Du gehörst zur Familie. You belong to the family. e.g. if you want to call friend family.
Du bist Teil der Familie. You are part of the family. e.g. if you want to call friend family.
Wir sind wie eine Familie. We are like a family. e.g. your team at work
Das liegt in der Familie. That lies in the family. It runs in the family. (Characteristics and behavior that are very similar between family members.)
Der Apfel fällt nicht weit vom Stamm. The apple doesn't fall far from the tree. When a child is very similar to its parents. (optics-wise or behavior-wise)
Bei der Familie ist es am schönsten Family is the nicest place to be. You feel the most comfortable at your parents’ home.
Freunde sind die Familie, die man sich auswählt. Friends are the family you choose. to call friends family
Das ist nicht von schlechten Eltern. That is not from bad parents. something has good quality

Let’s review

So, that's a wrap on our journey through the German family life – from the basic words for our immediate family like mom and dad in German over vocabulary for extended family members like aunt or uncle in German to more advanced terms and expressions.

We’ve covered everything you need to succeed in conversations about family. Now, you are able to describe your family and talk about your mom in German. Or maybe you want to tell someone that you are very similar to your brother or son in German, then just use one of the phrases we presented at the end.

Cheers to the words that bring us together and the stories of family life!

Want to know all about family in German and more?

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