Learning the months of the year in Spanish is one of the first steps learners take on their language journey. Knowing how to say the Spanish months of the year, means you can engage in lots of daily conversations, with easy sentences you can use to get to know people.
Let’s start with some of the most common everyday questions:
“When is your birthday?” ¿En qué mes cumples años?
What is your favorite month of the year? - ¿Cuál es tu mes favorito del año?
How do you say December in Spanish? - ¿Cómo dices December en español?
What are the months of the year in Spanish?
Here are the 12 months of the year in Spanish, and their English translations.
Spanish months of the year
|March||marzo||mahr-thoh (SPAIN), mahr-soh (LATAM)|
|December||diciembre||dee-thyehm-breh (in Spain), dee-syehm-breh (in Latin America)|
When you’re writing the month of the year in Spanish, there are some important grammar rules to keep in mind.
- You don’t need capital letters
Unlike in English, the months of the year are not capitalized in Spanish, unless they are used at the beginning of a sentence or as a title.
- The months of the year are masculine nouns
However, it is not usually necessary to use the article “el” with the month name, except when specific dates are given, and then the “el” comes before the number rather than the month For example, “el 13 de octubre”
Abril, marzo and agosto can be often used as adjectives in literature.
abrileño (from the month of abril)
marzal (from the month of marzo)
agosteño (from the month of agosto)
For example: “El sol matinal ilumina un paisaje agosteño.”- The morning sun illuminates an Augustan landscape.
- Spanish dates follow a common pattern:
number + de + month + de + year
For example: The fourth of July, 2022. - El cuatro de julio de 2022.
Dates use the verb ser (to be):
01 January is New Year’s Day. - El primero de enero es año nuevo.
14 February is St Valentine's Day. El 14 de febrero es el día de San Valentín.
Today is 25 December. Today is Christmas Day! - Hoy es 25 de diciembre. ¡Hoy es navidad!
Let's see some other examples! ¡Veamos otros ejemplos!
Here are some sentences which talk about activities that take place at a particular time:
The soccer match is in August. - El partido de fútbol es en agosto. Her birthday is in September. - Su cumpleaños es en septiembre. I traveled to Paris in May. - Viajé a París en mayo. I will visit my uncle in December. - Visitaré a mi tío en diciembre.
Look at this Spanish sentence: Viajé a París en mayo. There’s no subject because it’s common for Spanish speakers to omit the subject when it’s easy to guess who performs the action. This usually happens with the pronoun ‘I’.
Spanish months of the year - some facts
The Spanish months have very similar spellings to their English counterparts. This is because they share a common source, Latin, the official language of the Roman Empire, which ruled both Spain and England in ancient times.
Understanding the Latin roots of each month can help you remember their names, so let's take a closer look.
January - enero
January - enero - comes from the Latin word Ianvarivs (Januarius) and is named for the Roman god of beginnings and endings - Janus. Janus had two faces to see the past and the future, and is also the guardian of doors and gates.
February - febrero
February - febrero - comes from the Latin word Februare, and the Roman festival of purification Februo which took place at this time of year."This Roman festival was dedicated to Pluto, and was where Romans sought to achieve purification. Detox, Roman style.
March - marzo
March - marzo - comes from the Latin word Martivs (Martius) and is the month dedicated to Mars, the god of war, who as we all know, also has a planet named in his honour. In Roman times, March was the first month of their year.
April - abril
April - abril - comes from “aperio,'' which means ‘to open’ and in turn comes from the Latin word Aprilis. April is the time of year when the plants begin to open and blossom in Italy and the northern Roman Empire so is perfect for the season. Some researchers think that the name could also be a variation of the name of the Greek god of love, Aphrodite.
May - mayo
May - mayo - is believed to come from Maia, the Roman earth goddess which is Maivs (Maius) in Latin. The Romans offered sacrifices to Maia, madre, on May 1st as part of their festival of fertility, Floralia.
June - junio
June - junio - is named in honour of Juno, the Roman goddess of love marriage and was believed to keep special watch over the lives of women. Juno comes from the Latin Ivnonivs (Iunonius), and she was the wife of Jupiter, king of the Roman Gods.
July - julio
July - julio - was first known as Qvintilis (Quintilis) in Latin, because this was the fifth month of the Roman calendar. Later, the month was renamed in honour of Roman statesman and Emperor Julius Caesar, as this was the month he was born.
August - agosto
August - agosto - as also originally had a numerical meaning, Sextilis the sixth month. This was later renamed Augustus after the Emperor Augustus Caesar, who was the first Emperor of Rome.
Julius and Augustus were not quickly accepted as the new names among the population, and Quintilis and Sextilis continued to be used 100 of years later, well into the Middle Ages - news didn’t travel quite as quickly in the ancient world.
September - septiembre to December - diciembre
You might see a pattern in the final four months of the year. The trick to remembering the names of the final four months is to start counting at March, as this was the first month of the Roman year.
September - septiembre - comes from the Latin septembris and septem, which means seven.
October - octubre - comes from the Latin Octobri which comes from octo, and means eight in Latin.
November - noviembre - derives from the Novembris and noven, which is nine in Latin, as back then this was the ninth month.
December - diciembre - no points for guessing that the final month of our year is also numeric. In Latin, Decembris came from decem, or ten in Latin for the tenth month, of the Roman year.
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